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ch 13 endocrine

enocrine system

QuestionAnswer
this gland is referred to as the "master gland" pituitary gland
pituitary glands has two lobes anterior and posterior
anterior pituitary glans secretes the following hormones GH; ACTH; TSH; LTH; FSH; LH; MSH
posterior pituitary gland secretes the following hormones ADH; OT
regulates the growth of bone, muscle and other body tissue growth hormone(somatotropic hormone)
stimulates normal growth of adrenal cortex and secretes corticosteroids adrenocorticotropic hormone
promotes growth and development of the thyroid gland and secretes thyroid hormone thyroid stimulating hormone
promotes breast development and stimulates milk secretion during pregnancy lactogenic hormone(prolactin)
stimulates secretion of estrogen and production of eggs in the female ovaries and production of sperm in the testes follicle stimulating hormone
stimulates ovulation and secretion of testosterone lutenizing hormone
controlsd pigmentation in the skin melanocyte stimulating hormone
decreases the excretion of large amounts of urine; maintains the bodys water balance antidiuretic hormone(vasopressin)
stimulates contractions of the uterus during childbirth and releases milk from the breasts oxytocin
this gland regulates the patterns of eating, sleeping and reproduction pineal gland
pineal gland secretes this hormone that inducing sleep melatonin
thyroid gland secretes the following hormones T3; T4; calcitonin
thyroid hormones help regulate metabolism; body temperature; calcium in the blood
this gland is large during infancy and shrinks significantly in adulthood thymus gland
hormones secreted by the thymus gland thymosin and thymopoietin
the thymus hormones have a critical role in the development of the immune system
these glands are found on top of each kidney adrenal glands
adrenal cortex secretes the following hormones mineralocorticoids, glucocorticoids, gonadocorticoids
the adrenal medulla secretes the following hormones epinephrine and norepinephrine
specialized group of cells found in the pancreas islets of Langerhan
this hormone is produced in the alpha cells of the islets of langerhans glucagon
this hormone is produced in the beta cells of the islets of langerhans insulin
glucagon is responsible for increasing blood glucose levels
insulin is responsible for using glucose for energy and for storing excess glucose in the liver for later use
female gonads ovaries
ovaries are responsible for secreting which hormones estrogen and progesterone
male gonads testes
testes are responsible for production of sperm and testosterone
this occurs as a result of over secretion of HGH after puberty acromegaly
any disease of a gland adenopathy
inability to metabolize carbohydrates and elevates blood glucose levels during pregnancy gestational diabetes
failure of the beta cells in the pancreas to produce insulin diabetes mellitus
deficiency of antidiuretic hormone resulting in polydipsia and polyuria diabetes insipidus
characterized by undersecretion of HGH dwarfism
promotes development of secondary female sex characteristics estrogen
marked protrusion of the eyeballs exophthalmia
inflammation of the thyroid gland thyroiditis
development of masculine traits in a female virilism
excessive thirst polydipsia
excessive urination polyuria
hyperplasia of the thyroid gland goiter
underactive thyroid gland hypothyroidism
overactive thyroid gland hyperthyroidism or Graves disease
excessive amounts of aldosterone which causes retention of extra sodium and potassium Conns disease
condition of the adrenal gland in which symton\ms occur as a result of excessive amounts of cortisol Cushings symdrome
diabetes that is insulin dependent diabetes mellitus type 1
destructive inflammation of the pancreas pancreatitis
blood test that is used to determine gestational diabetes GTT(glucose tolerance test)
blood test that shows the average glucose levels over the past three months HbA1c (hemoglobin A1c)
thyroid function tests include T3; T4 and TSH
Created by: clarevoyant1019