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Anatomy Midterm Exam

QuestionAnswer
Four tissue types 1. Muscular 2. Epithelial 3. Connective 4. Nervous
Three muscle types 1. Skeletal (voluntary) 2. Cardiac (involuntary) 3. Smooth (involuntary)
What is a positive feedback loop? When the body self-amplifies something to speed it up. Ex. Child birth, contractions get stronger and more painful as it progresses.
What is a negative feedback loop? When the body senses a change and takes action to reverse it.
What percent of our body weight is blood? 8%
What is CSF? Cerebrospinal Fluid
What is PFT? Pulmonary Function Test
What is a nosocomial infection? An infection contracted in a medical setting.
What is an idiopathic infection? An infection with no known cause
Define Etiology Cause of disease
What is Pathology? Study of disease
Define Anatomy Structure of the body
Define Physiology The functions of the body
Name the body cavities 1. Cranial 2. Vertebral 3. Ventral 4. Thoracic 5. Abdominopelvic 6. Abdominal 7. Pelvic 8. Dorsal
Name the body planes 1. Frontal- divides front and back 2. Median/midsaggital- divides left and right 3. Transverse- divides up and down
Describe anatomical position Facing straight, arms out to side with palms facing forward, legs shoulder length apart with feet pointing forward.
Describe supine position Laying on back
Describe prone position Laying on stomach
Describe trendelenburg position Laying at a slant with feet higher than head
Describe fowler's position Laying with head up at at least a 45 degree angle
Describe the electrical pathway of the heart 1. SA node 2. AV node 3. Bundle of His 4. Right and left bundle branches 5. Purkinje Fibers
SA node intrinsic rate 60-100 bpm
AV node intrinsic rate 40-60 bpm
Bundle of His intrinsic rate 40-60 bpm
Right and left bundle branch intrisic rate 40-60 bpm
Purkinje Fibers intrinsic rate 20-40 bpm
SA node time lapse 0 seconds
AV node time lapse 0.03 seconds
Bundle of His time lapse 0.04 seconds
Right and left bundle branch time lapse 0.17 seconds
Purkinje fibers time lapse 0.2-0.22 seconds
How much of our blood is plasma (%)? 55%
How much of our blood is formed elements (%)? 45%
Name the front body regions 1-11 1. Orbital (eyes) 2. Nasal (nose) 3. Oral (mouth) 4. Cervical (neck 5. Acrominal (shoulder) 6. Buccal (cheek) 7. Sternal (sternum) 8. Axillary (armpit) 9. Thoracic (chest) 10. Brachial (upper arm) 11. Antecubital (inner elbow)
Name the front body regions 12-21 12. Abdominal (stomach) 13. Umbilical (belly button) 14. Pelvic (hip) 15. Carpal (wrist) 16. Coxal (butt below the spine) 17. Inguinal (groin) 18. Pubic (genitals) 19. Digital (fingers) 20. Femoral (thigh) 21. Patellar (knee)
Name the front body regions 22-24 22. Crural (shin) 23. Fibular (calf) 24. Tarsal (ankle)
Name the back body regions 1- 1. Cephalic (head) 2. Occipital (base of head) 3. Deltoid (shoulder) 4. Scapular (shoulder blade) 5. Vertebral (spine) 6. Lumbar (lower back) 7. Sacral (base of back) 8. Gluteal (Booty) 9. Popliteal (Inner knee) 10. Sural (calf)
Body quadrant in top right (anatomical) corner Right Hypochondriac
Body quadrant in top left (anatomical) corner Left Hypochondriac
Body quadrant in top middle Epigastric
Body quadrant in middle right (anatomical) side Right lumbar
Body quadrant in middle left (anatomical) side Left lumbar
Body quadrant in middle center Umbilical
Body quadrant in lower right (anatomical) corner Right iliac (inguinal)
Body quadrant in lower left (anatomical) corner Left iliac (inguinal)
Body quadrant in bottom middle Hypogastric (pubic)
Anterior Front
Posterior Back
Midline Imaginary vertical line down middle
Lateral Farther from midline
Medial Near the midline
Superior Toward upper body
Inferior Toward lower body
Superficial Close to surface
Deep Far from surface
Proximal Near origin of the structure
Distal Away from origin of the structure
Arteries carry blood... Away from heart
Veins carry blood... Towards the heart
What is a CT scan? An x-ray machine that takes a series of pictures at a single time.
What is an MRI? A machine that uses magnets to take pictures of the body.
What is an Ultrasound? A machine that uses sound waves to take pictures of the body.
Define homeostasis The normal "equilibrium" of the body.
Signs vs. Symptoms Signs: Can be detected by somebody other than the individual experiencing them. Symptoms: Can be detected by the individual that is affected.
Communicable vs. Contagious Communicable: A contagious disease that is able to be transferred to another. Contagious: A communicable disease that is able to be transferred to another.
Created by: Martinafulgieri