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Musculoskeletal Syst

H.I.T

TermDefinition
AE Most often - seen in documentation when referencing above- elbow amputation.
AK Most often- seen in documentation when referencing above- knee amputation.
AP Anterioposterior
BE Below elbow -- same context as AE
BK Below knee- same context as AK
C1,C2, etc. Cervical vertebra
C1-C7 Cervical vertebrae, 1 through 7
CR Closed reduction
CTS Carpal tunnel syndrome
DIP Distal Interphalangeal Joint
DJD Degenerative joint disease
DTR Deep tendon reflex
EMG Electromyography
FM Fibromyalgia
Fx Fracture
IS Intracostal space
L1,L2, etc. Lumbar vertebra
L1-L5 Lumbar vertebrae, 1 through 5
MCP Metacarpophalangeal joint
OA Osteoarthritis
ORIF Open reduction internal fixation
PKR Partial knee replacement
PIP Proximal intraphalangeal joint
ROM Range of motion
S1, S2, etc. Sacral vertebra
T1, T2, etc. Thoracic vertebra
T1-T12 Thoracic vertebrae, 1 through 12
TENS Transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation
THA Total hip arthroplasty
THR Total hip replacement
TKA Total knee arthroplasty
TKR Total knee replacement
Muscles Which holds the erect & allows movement
Bones Which are connective tissues that protect the internal organs & form the framework of the body.
Cartilage Thin sheets of fibrous connective tissue.
Joints Allow for bending & rotating movements.
Ligaments Are bands of connective tissue that connect the joints.
Synovia Is the fluid that acts as a lubricant for the joints, tendon sheath, or a bursa.
Bursa Is the synovial-filled sac that works as a cushion to assist in movement.
Fascia Is the connective tissue that not only covers but also supports & separates muscles.
Infectious arthropathies Are disorders of the joints that are caused by an infectious agent.
Arthritis An inflammation of a joint.
Rheumatism Which is a general term for deterioration & inflammation of connective tissues including muscle, tendons. synovium & bursa.
Rheumatiod Arthritis (RA) Which is a disease of the autoimmune system in which synovia membranes are inflamed & thickened.
Osteoarthritis (OA) Is also referred to as "degenerative arthritis" because it causes the degeneration of the articular cartilage.
Degenerative Joint Disease Is frequently used to describe this type of osteoarthritis.
Dorsopathies Which are disorders of the back.
Ankylosing spondylitis A form of rheumatoid arthritis. It is a chronic inflammation of the spine & sacroiliac joints.
Ankylosis Is the complete fusion of the vertebrae.
Spondylitis Inflammation of the vertebrae.
Myelopathy Refers to any disorder of the spinal cord.
Herniated disc Is a result of the rupture of the nucleus pulposus, or the material in the center of the disc.
Myositis An inflammation of the muscle.
Bursitis An inflammation of the bursa.
Osteoporosis Is a reduction in the bone mass that is responsible for different conditions that can affect a person's health.
Aporosity A swiss cheese appearance of the bones, creating a decrease in bone mass.
Dawager's Hump An abnormal curvature in the upper thoracic spine
(Pathological )Compression Fracture of the Spine Occurs when the vertebrae becomes weak & collapse under low stress
Colles Fracture Is a wrist fracture that typically occurs when a person tries to break a fall by extending the arm.
Pathological fracture Is a break of a diseased bone that occurs from a minor stress or injury that would not normally occur in a healthy bone.
Stress fracture Occurs when repetitive force is applied to a bone over a period of time.
Malunion fracture Occurs when the fracture site is misaligned.
Nonunion Occurs when the fracture fragments fall to unite.
Arthrodesis Surgical repair or reconstruction fixation of a joint.
Arthroplasty Plastic surgery of a joint.
Arthroscopy Examination of the interior of a joint by use of an arthroscope.
Arthrotomy A surgical incision of a joint.
Closed treatment Treatment of fracture sites. When closed treatment occurs, the fracture site is not surgically exposed or opened.
Debridement The removal of foreign material or devitalized of contaminated tissue from an area.
Dislocation The displacement of a bone from normal anatomical position.
Exostosis A benign bony growth that projects from the surface of a bone.
Fixation The process of suturing or fastening a structure in place.
Manipulation The reduction of a dislocation or fracture.
Muscle Tissue that is composed of fibers and cells that cause movement and able to contract. There are 3 types of muscles: striated, cardiac, and smooth.
Open treatment Treatment of a fracture when the site is surgically exposed and visualized. The site may have been opened for placement of internal fixation, but this does not always occur.
Osectomy Removal of bone.
Oteoclasis The process of creating a surgical fracture of a bone to correct a deformity.
Osteoplasty Plastic surgery completed on bone tissue.
Osteotomy Sawing or cutting of a bone.
Percutaneous skeletal fixation Fracture treatment in which the fracture site is neither opened nor closed. Fixation is placed across the fracture site, typically under the guidance of x-ray imaging.
Skeletal traction The application of force to a limb by a clamp, pin, screw, or wire that is attached to bone.
Skin traction The application of force to a limb using felt that is applied to the skin.
Tendon A dense fibrous band of connective tissue that attaches muscles to bones.
Wound Exploration Is completed to determine the extent of an injury and includes surgical exploration of the wound area with enlargement of the wound.
Imaging guidance Is the use of radiological techniques or procedures to visualize the placement of a needle, a catheter, or another device.
Incision Are made into musculoskeletal structures
Excision Is the surgical removal of tissue or a structure
Fasciectomy Removal of fascia
Osteoectomy Removal of bone
Synoveectomy Removal of the synovial membrane of a joint
Curettage The process of removing tissue by scraping
Closed reduction Occurs by manually applying force to the injured area without making an incision into the skin.
Open reduction Occurs when the site is surgically opened to realign the area.
External fixation Involves the placement of pins through soft tissue and into the bone in order to hold an external appliance in place.
Internal fixation (ORIF) Occurs when pins or a plate are internally place into the bone to hold the fracture.
Strapping An area is done by using tape or bandage material to bind, protect, or immobilize an anatomical structure.
Casts Are fiberglass or plaster rigid dressings.
Static splint Is used to prohibit mobility.
Dynamic splint Is used to allow limited mobility.
Diagnostic endoscopy/arthroscopy Is completed to determine the extent of an injury or disease process and establish a diagnosis.
Surgical endoscopy/arthroscopy Is performed to surgically treat an injury or condition or abnormality of a joint.
Created by: Diasia Ryals