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Medical Term 3-4

TermDefinition
Ankyl Crooked, bent
Arthr Joints
Chondr Cartilage
Cost Rib
Crani Skull
Desis To bind, tie togehter
Kyph Bent, hump
Lord Curve, sway back
Lysis Loosening or setting free
Myel Spinal cord, bone marrow
Scoli Curved, bent
Spondyl Vertebrae
Synovi Synovial membrane/fluid
Um Singular noun ending
Abduction Movement of a limb away from the midline
Adduction Movement of a limb towards the midline
Circumduction The circular movement at the far end of the limb
Dorsiflexion The movement that bends the foot upward at the ankle
Pronation Is the act of rotating the arm or leg so that the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned downward
Acetabulum Socket of the hip bone, into which the head of the femur fits
Malleolus Bony projection on either side of the ankle
Manubrium Is the bony structure that forms the middle portion of the sternum
Metacarpals The five bones that form the palms of the hand
Metatarsals Any bones of the foot
Orthotic An artificial support or brace for the limbs or spine
Vertebrae Series of small bones forming the backbone and have holes which the spinal cord passes through
Spondylosis age-related wear and tear of the spinal disks
Orthopedic Diagnosis and operate on injuries of the skeletal system
Hemarthrosis Blood with in a joint
Arthroscopy Surgical procedure on a joint
Podiatrist Foot doctor
Synovectomy Surgical removal of the membrane that lines a joint
Crepitation Grating sound heard when bone ends grind against one another
Internal fixation Surgical implants to repair bone
Bifida A birth defect in which a developing baby's spinal cord fails to develop properly
Rheumatoid Arthritis Chronic autoimmune disorder in which the joints and some organs of other body systems are attacked
Atologous Cells and tissues obtained from the same individual
Rickets Defective bone growth occurring in children
Spiral Fracture When bone has been twisted apart
Contracture Is the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues (burn)
Heel Spur Calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near the calcaneus
Carpal Tunnel The tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflamed
Physiatrist Specializes in physical medicine and rehabilitation with the focus on restoring function
Fibromyalgia Debilitating chronic condition characterized by fatigue; diffuse/specific muscle, joint or bone pain; range of symptoms
Neuromuscular Pertaining to the relationship between a nerve and muscle
Electromyography Diagnostic test that measures the electrical activity with in muscle fibers in response to nerve stimulation
Chronic Fatigue A disorder of unknown causes that affects many body systems
Ergonomics The study of the human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment
Fasciitis Inflammation of the fascia
Patella Knee cap
Mandible Only movable part of the skull (jaw)
Xiphoid process is a small cartilaginous process of the lower part of the sternum
Flexion Bending
Triceps Brachii Extends elbow
Tendon Attaching a muscle to a bone
Neurologist Nervous system doctor
Compartment Syndrome A painful and dangerous condition caused by pressure buildup from internal bleeding or swelling of tissues
Spasm A sudden involuntary muscular contraction or convulsive movement.
Hyperextension is an excessive joint movement
Cramp is a strong, painful contraction or tightening of a muscle that comes on suddenly and lasts from a few seconds to several minutes
Synovitis inflammation of a synovial membrane.
Cartilage Connective tissue
Myocardial A blockage of blood flow to the heart muscle.
Strain A stretching or tearing of a muscle or a tissue
Bid Twice a day
BM Bowel movement
BMR Basal metabolic rate
BP Blood pressure
BPM Beats per minute
BW Body weight
BX Biopsy
c With
C/O Complaining of
CABG Coronary artery bypass graft
CAD Coronary artery disease
CAT Computerized axial tomography
CF Cystic fibrosis
CHF Congestive heart failure
CMS Circulation, motor, sensitivity
CNS Central nervous system
COLD Chronic obstructive lung disease
CPAP Continuous positive airway pressure
CPR Cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CSF Cerebrospinal fluid
CXR Chest x-ray
Bi Two
Cele hernia, tumor, swelling
Dys bad, difficult, and painful
Fasci fibrous band
Fibr fibrous tissue
ia abnormal condition
ic pertaining to
kineso movement
my muscle
plegia paralysis, stroke
rrhexis rupture
tax coordination, order
ten, tend tendon, stretch, strain
ton tone, stretching, tension
tri three
Created by: KayleemWhite