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Muscles and Joints

Muscles and Joints Vocab Chapter 7

Abduction movement of a bone away from the midline of the body
Adduction movement of a bone toward the midline of the body
Arthralgia joint pain
Articular Cartilage thin layer of cartilage protecting and covering the connecting surfaces of the bones
Articulation point two bones meet; a joint
Ball-and-Socket Joint joint that allows movements in many directions around a central point
Bunion abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe
Bunionectomy surgical removal of bunion
Bursa small sac that contains synovial fluid for lubricating the area around a joint
Closed Manipulation manual forcing of joint back into its original position without making an incision
Closed Reduction manipulation
Dorsiflexion bending foot backward, or upward, at ankle
Extension straightening motion that increase the angle between 2 bones
Flexion bending motion that decreases the angle between 2 bones
Ganglionectomy surgical removal of a ganglion
Hinge Joint joint that allows movement in one direction; a back-and-forth motion
Joint Cavity space between 2 connecting bones
Kyphosis humpback
Ligaments connective tissue bands that join bone to bone, offering support to the joint
Malaise a vague feeling of weakness
Needle Aspiration needle insertion into a cavity to withdraw fluid
Photosensitivity increased reaction of the skin to exposure to sunlight
Plantar Flexion bending the foot downward, at the ankle, as in ballet dancing
Pronation act of turning the palm down or backward
Rotation turning of a bone on its own axis
Subluxation an incomplete dislocation
Supination act of turning the palm up or forward
Suture an immovable joint
Synovial Fluid thick lubricating fluid located in synovial joints
Synovial Membrane lining of a synovial joint cavity
Viscous sticky; gelatinous
Arthralgia joint pain
Ataxia without muscular coordination
Atrophy wasting away; without development
Cardiac Muscle forms the wall of the heart; involuntary muscle
Dyskinesia "bad or difficult movement"
Epicondylitis inflammation and pain in elbow; tennis elbow
Fascia sheets of fibrous connective tissue that penetrate and cover the entire muscle
Fibromyalgia chronic condition with widespread muscle and body pain
Insertion point of attachment of a muscle to a bone it moves
Involuntary Muscles muscles that act without conscious control
Muscle Fiber individual muscle cell
Myoparesis slight or partial muscle paralysis
Origin point of attachment of a muscle to a bone that is less movable
Pelvic Girdle Weakness weakness of the muscles of the pelvic girdle
Pseudohypertrophic Muscular Dystrophy Duchenne's muscular dystrophy
Sarcopenia loss of skeletal muscle mass that occurs with aging
Skeletal Muscle muscles that attach to the bones of the skeleton; act voluntarily
Smooth Muscle muscles found in the walls of hollow organs and tubes; act involuntarily
Striated Muscle muscles that have a striped appearance
Tendon strong fibrous band of tissue that extends from muscle to bone
Torso trunk
Trunk main part to body; head and extremities are attached; torso
Visceral Muscle muscles of the internal organs; smooth muscle
Voluntary Muscle operate under conscious control
Gout acute arthritis; inflammation of great toe
Ganglion cystic tumor developing on a tendon; sometimes on back of wrist
Herniated Disk rupture of the central portion, or nucleus, of the disk wall and into the spinal canal
Lyme Disease acute, recurrent, inflammatory infection from tic bite
Osteoarthritis degenerative joint disease; most common form of arthritis; on weight bearing joints (hips and knees)
Rheumatoid Arthritis chronic, systemic, inflammatory disease affects multiple joints
Sprain injury involving the ligaments that surround and support a joint
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) chronic inflammatory connective-tissue disease affecting the skin, joints, nervous system, kidneys, lungs and other organs
Arthrogram an x-ray of a joint after injection of a contrast medium
Arthrography process of x-raying the inside of a joint after a contrast medium is injected
Arthroplasty surgical reconstruction of a joint
Arthroscopy visualization of the interior of a joint by using an endoscope
Rheumatoid Factor blood test that measures the presence of unusual antibodies that develop in a connective tissue disease
Erythrocyte Sed Rate blood test that measures the rate erythrocytes settle to the bottom of a test tube filled with unclotted blood
What tissue type is responsible for the movement of the body? Muscle
Dorsal or pertaining to the back of the body Posterior
Appendix is located in the... Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ)
Which muscle is most likely to be injured in a rotator cuff tear? Supraspinatus
Major Muscle of Rear End Gluteus Maximus
Bony prominence on the side of the ankle joint: Lateral Malleolus
What joint has the posterior cruciate and anterior cruciate ligaments? Knee
What joint has the pubofemoral and iliofemoral ligaments? Hip
Joint that allows you to nod your head: Atlanto-Occipital
Moving a body part away from the midline: Abduction
Bending to decrease the angle between two bones: Flexion
The hamstring muscles include: Biceps femoris, Semitendinosus, Semimembranosus
In a rotator cuff tear, where are the ligaments torn away from the bone? Around the humerus
Inner, jelly-like portion of the intervertebral disc Nucleus Pulposus
Paraplegia paralysis of the lower extremities
Created by: wallace263