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QuestionAnswer
Levels of Organization Atomic; Molecular; Cellular; Tissue; Organ; System; Organism
4 types of tissues Epithelium; Connective; Nervous; Musculular
What are the 11 organ systems MRS LUCI NERD Muscular; Respiratory; Skeletal; Lymphatic; Urinary; Cardiovascular; Integumentary; Nervous; Endocrine; Reproductive; Digestive
The systems of the body may appear to be separate and distinct, but the maintenance of most body functions requires the ___________ of many systems working together. Integration
What is the process that all parts of the body must be functioning together? Homeostasis
What is balance? Equilibrium
Control of homeostasis is constantly challenged by what 3 things? Physical insults; Changes of internal environment; Physiological stress
Reverses a change in controlled condition Negative feedback
Strengthens or reinforces a change in one of the body's controlled conditions Positive feedback
What are the 3 structure feedback centers? Receptor---->Control Center---->Effector
What is the Anatomical position? Standing erect facing the observer with the head level, eyes facing forward; feet flat directed forward, arms at sides with palms forward
6 Important Life Processes Metabolism; Responsiveness; Movement; Growth; Differentiation; Reproduction
Superior Above, top
Inferior Below, bottom
Anterior (Ventral) Toward the front
Posterior (Dorsal) Toward the back
Medial Toward the midline
Lateral Away from the midline
Intermediate Between Medial and Lateral
Proximal Nearest to Origination (point of attachment)
Distal Farther from origination (point of attachment)
Ipsilateral Same side of body
Contralateral Opposite side of body
Superficial Towards the surface
Deep Towards the core of the body
Visceral Pertaining to a covering over an organ
Parietal Pertaining to a covering against a cavity wall
Sagittal midline
Transverse horizontal
Frontal Coronal
Parasagittal plane right or left of the midsaggital
Frontal or Coronal planes divide the body into anterior or posterior portions
Transverse Planes divide the body into superior and inferior portions
Oblique Planes pass through the body at an angle
Cervical neck
Cubital elbow
Carpal wrist
Inguinal groin
Buccal cheek
Axillary armpit
Tarsal anckle
Dorsal Cavity brain and spinal cord
Ventral cavity remaing body organs
Meninges layers of protective tissue that line the cranial and vertebral cavities
Mediastinal cavity central part of thoracic cavity
Left and right Pleural cavities surround the lungs
Pericardial cavity middle part of mediastinal cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity diaphragm to the pelvis
pericardial membrane serous membrane that covers the heart
peritoneal membranes covers abdominal organs
Synovial cavities found in freely moveable joints
9 Abdominopelvic regions Hypochondriac r&l; Lumbar r&l; Iguinal r&l; epigastric; umbilical; hypogastric
Created by: cborealis2