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Human Body

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TermDefinition
Anter(o) Front
Caud(o) Tail, Downward
Cephal(o) Head, Upward
Dist(o) Away From
Dors(o) Back
Infer(o) Below
Later(o) Side
Medi(o) Middle
Poster(o) Back, Behind
Proxim(o) Near (proximate)
Super(o) Above
Ventr(o) Front, Belly
Anterior and Ventral are used when referring to the front of the body. The kneecap for example, is found on the anterior side of the leg
Posterior and Dorsal are used when referring to the back of the body. The shoulder blades for example, are located on the posterior side of the body
Cephalad and Superior are used when referring to 'above the waistline'. The hand for example is part of the superior extremity
Caudal and Inferior are used when referring to 'below the waistline'. The foot for example is part of the inferior extremity
Lateral is used when referring to the sides of the body. This little toe for example is found at lateral side of the foot
Medical is used when referring to the middle of the body. The middle toe for example is found at the medical side of the foot
Proximal ("closest") is used when referring to the center of the body or of the point of attachment. The proximal end of the femur for example, joins with the pelvic bone
Distal ("farthest") is used when referring to the outer part of the body, away from the point of attachment or region. The hand for example is located at the distal end of the forearm
Superficial in its medical meaning refer to something that is 'on the surface' or shallow'. The skin for example is superficial to the muscles
Intermediate ("between") is used to refer to a structure being or occurring at the middle place. The abdominal muscles for example between the small intestines
Deep refers to 'farther away from the surface' The abdominal muscles for example, are deep to the skin
Unilateral means that a surface is located/ to be found ' on only one side of the body', such as the liver and the stomach
Bilateral means that a structure is located/ to be found ' on both sides of the body', such as the arms, legs, eyes, and kidneys
Ipsilateral means that a structure is located/ to be found 'on the same side of the body'. For example it could be said that the right ear and the right eye are ipsilateral to one another
Contralateral means that a structure is located/ to be found 'on the opposite side of the body.' The left ear for example is contralateral to the right ear
The nasal cavity (nose)
The oral cavity (mouth)
The orbital cavities (eyes)
The synovial cavities) (joint cavity)
Auricular Region this is the region around the ears
Axillary the armpit region
Claviular the region on either side of two slender bones
Infraorbital the region below the eyes
Infrascapular this region on each side of the chest, down to the last rib
Inguinal the region of the groin, i.e the depressed area of the abdominal wall near the thigh
Interscapular this is the region on the back between the shoulder blades (the scapulea)
Lumbar the region of the lower back between the ribs and the pelvis below the infrascapular area
Mammary the breast area
Mental the chin area
Occipital the lower posterior region of the head
Orbital the region around the eyes
Pectoral the chest area
Perineal the region between the anus and the external reproductive organs (the perineum)
Popliteal the area behind the knee
Pubic the area above the pubis and below the hypogastric region
Sacral the area above the sacrum, between the hipbones
Sternal the area over the sternum
Submental the area below the chin
Supraclavicular the area above the clavivles
Created by: K.Lindsey