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Anatomy

Health Info Tech

TermDefinition
Directional Terms Are used to determine the exact location of a structure within the body.
Anter(o) Front
Caud(o) Tail, downward
Cephal(o) Head, upward
Dist(o) Away from
Dors(o) Back
Infer(o) Below
Later(o) Side
Medi(o) Middle
Poster(o) Back, behind
Proxim(o) Near (proximate)
Super(o) Above
Ventr(o) Front, belly
Anterior & Ventral Are used when referring to the front of the body.
Posterior & Dorsal Are used when referring to the back of the body.
Cephalad & Superior Are used when referring to above the waistline.
Caudal & Inferior Are used when referring to below the waistline.
Lateral Is used when referring to the sides of the body.
Medial Is used when referring to the middle of the body.
Proximal ( "closest") Is used when referring to the center of the body or of the point of attachment.
Distal ("farthest") Is used when referring to the outer part of the body, away from the point of attachment or origin.
Superficial In its medical meaning refer to something that is on the surface or shallow.
Intermediate ("between") Is used to refer to a structure being or occurring at the middle place.
Deep Refers to farther away from the surface.
Unilateral Means that a structure is located/ to be found on only one side of the body.
Bilateral Means that a structure is located/ to be found on both sides of the body.
Ipsilateral Means that structure is located/ to be found on the same side of the body.
Contralateral Means that a structure is located/ to be found on the opposite side of the of the body.
Nasal Cavity Nose
Oral Cavity Mouth
Orbital Cavity Eyes
Synovial Cavity Joint Cavity
Auricular Region This is the region around the ears,
Axillary Region The armpit region.
Clavicular The region on either side of two slender bones.
Infraorbital This is the region below the eyes.
Infrascapular This is the region on each side of chest, down to the last rib.
Inguinal The region of the groin, i.e. the depressed area of the abdominal wall near the thigh.
Interscapular This the region on the back between the shoulder blades (the scapulae).
Lumbar The region of the lower back between the ribs and the pelvis below the infrascapular area.
Mammary The breast area.
Mental The chin area.
Occipital the lower posterior region of the head
Orbital The region around the eyes.
Pectoral The chest area.
Perineal The region between the anus and the external reproductive organs (the perineum).
Popliteal The area behind the knee.
Pubic The area above the pubis and below the hypogastric.
Sacral The area above the sacrum, between the hipbones.
Sternal The area over the sternum.
Submental The area below the chin.
Supraclavicular the area above clavicles.
Created by: Diasia Ryals