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URI Anatomy Quiz 10

URI Anatomy Quiz 10: Osteology, Arthrology and Myology

QuestionAnswer
Thickenings of a bone that form where a fracture has healed are called _____. These ridges occur both inside and outside of the fracture. callus
Each bone has two end portions and a central portion. Each end portion is called a(n) _____. epiphysis
The thick middle portion of a muscle is called the _____. belly
A voluntary or involuntary _____ creates tension in a muscle. contraction
Movement that involves turning a structure around its long axis is called _____. This is the only motion we have between the atlas and the axis. rotation
On which bone would you find the greater tubercle? humerus
The lateral bone of the forearm is the _____. radius
What movement is allowed by the acromioclavicular joint? pronation
What type of joint is the shoulder joint? ball and socket
The joint between the carpal and metacarpal of the thumb is a(n) _____. Another example of this type joint in the human body is the sternoclavicular joint. The articular surfaces of both bones fit together, one being inverted with respect to the other. saddle joint
A muscle that opposes the action of the prime mover of a joint is known as a(n) _____. antagonist
The central portion of a muscle is known as the _____. It is usually thicker than the ends of the muscle. belly
The suprascapular artery and nerve pass through the _____ of the scapula. suprascapular notch
The bones of the hand that are distal to the carpals and proximal to the phalanges are known as _____. metacarpals
Name the type of diarthrosis that the radioulnar joint is an example of: _____. pivot joint
The atlantoaxial joint is an example of a(n) _____. pivot joint
Small bumps on bones are called _____. They are USUALLY caused by muscles pulling on the bone in that place. tubercles
The bone cells have exposure to a blood supply by means of the haversian canal
A(n) _____ allows for flexion, extension, abduction, adduction and rotation. synovial joint
The _____ is formed by the attachment of the deltoid muscle on the humerus. This is the insertion of the muscle. deltoid tuberosity
The medial most carpal of the proximal row is the _____. pisiform bone
A diarthrosis always includes an articular cartilage, a synovial membrane, and a(n) _____. joint capsule
The secretory tissue of a diarthrosis is unusual because it is primarily connective tissue. True or False True
When a bone is broken, extra bone tissue forms along the break, both inside the hollow center of the bone and on the outside surface. This extra material is called the _____. callus
In joints, bones are conected to bones by ligaments. _____ connect muscles to bones or muscles to muscles. tendons