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Reveiw Chap.14-20

Review Chapters 14-20

Aphakia Absence of the lens of the eye
Conjunctivitis Inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye; caused by a bacterial or viral infection, allergy or a response to the environment
Hemianopsia Loss of vision, or blindness, in one-half of the visual field; also known as hemianopia
Optic Pertaining to the eyes or to sight
Papilledema Swelling of the optic disc
Retinopathy Any disease of the retina
Blephar/o eyelid
Kerat/o hard, horny; also refers to cornea of the eye
Opthalm/o eye
-ptosis drooping or prolapse
IOL intraocular lens
OD right eye (ocular dexter)
OS left eye (ocular sinister)
Acoustic Pertaining to sound or hearing
Labyrinthitis Inflammation of the inner ear
Otitis media Inflammation of the middle ear
Myring/o eardrum
AOM acute otitis media
SOM serous otitis media
Cystoscope An instrument used to view the interior of the bladder
Dialysis The process of moving waste products from the blood when the kidneys are unable to do so.
Nephrolithiasis A condition of kidney stones; also know as renal calculi
Ureter One of a pair of tubes that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder.
Urethra A small tubular structure that drains urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
Olig/o few, little, scanty
Pyel/o renal pelvis
-uria urine condition
Vesic/o urinary bladder
AKI Acute Kidney Injury
CKD Chronic Kidney Disease
ESRD End-Stage Renal Disease
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
Epididymitis acute or chronic inflammation of the epididymis
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease inflammation of the upper female genital tract; may be associated with an STD
Perineum area between the scrotum and the anus in the male and between the vulva and the anus in the female
Prepuce Foreskin; loose; retractable fold of the skin covering the tip of the penis
Salpingitis Inflammation of the fallopian tubes; also known as pelvic inflammatory disease
Balan/o glans penis
Test/o testis, testes
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy
PSA prostate-specific antigen
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate gland
Cervix the part of the uterus that protrudes into the cavity of the vagina; the neck of the uterus
Endometrium the inner liner of the uterus
Mastectomy surgical removal of the breast as a treatment method for breast cancer
Menorrhea menstrual flow; menstruation
Colp/o vagina
Hyster/o uterus
D & C dilation and curettage
HPV human papilloma virus
TAH total abdominal hysterectomy
LAVH laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy
Amniotic Fluid a liquid produced by and contained within the fetal membranes during pregnancy; protects the fetus
Cerclage suturing the cervix to keep it from dilating prematurely during the pregnancy; "purse string procedure"
Eclampsia the most severe form of hypertension during pregnancy; evidenced by seizures
Episiotomy incision is made into the woman's perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening for delivery of the baby
Multigravida woman who has been pregnant more than once
Nullipara woman who has never completed a pregnancy beyond 20 weeks' gestation
Preclampsia a state during the pregnancy in which the mother develops HBP, accompanied by proteinuria and edema or both after 20 weeks' gestation.
Primigravida woman who is pregnant for the first time
-cyesis pregnancy
Lact/o milk
-tocia labor
HELLP Hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, Low Platelet count
NST non-stress test
C-Section cesarean section
Apnea an absence of spontaneous respiration
Cyanosis bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes
Pyrexia fever
Stridor an abnormal; high-pitched, musical sound caused by an obstruction in the trachea or layrnx
Cephal/o head
Omphal/o naval
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
SBS shaken baby syndrome
Brachytherapy the placement of radioactive sources in contact with or implanted into the tissues to be treated
Fluoroscopy a technique in radiology for visually examining a part of the body or the function of an organ, using a fluoroscope
Palliative to soothe or relieve
Angi/o vessel
ERCP endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
LGI lower gastrointestinal (series)
UGI upper gastrointestinal (series)
asymptomatic without symptoms
Created by: wallace263