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URI Anatomy Quiz 7

URI Anatomy Quiz 7 - Triangles of the Neck

QuestionAnswer
The hard material that holds the tooth in the alveolus is known as _____. cementum
The large, plow shaped cartilage of the larynx is the _____. thyroid cartilage
The muscle that opens the mandible is the _____. digastric muscle
The three salivary glands have ducts (quack). Because of this they are considered examples of the generic glands called _____. exocrine gland
The saliva contains _____ which functions as an enzyme. It digests starch and converts it to sugar molecules. salivary amylase
The hardest material of the tooth crown is _____. enamel
These tubes connect to the middle ear and they are important in equalizing the pressure in the middle ear with the pressure outside the eardrum. eustachian tube
The perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone, the vomer, and a cartilaginous plate form the _____. This structure separates the nasal cavity into left and right halves. nasal septum
The only structure to be found in both the anterior and posterior triangles of the neck is the _____. It serves the cleidomastoid and the three trapezius muscles in the cat. spinal accessory nerve (XI)
The opening between the vocal cords is the _____. It is through this that air passes into the trachea. glottis
The smallest salivary gland is the _____. It is found on the deep side of the mandibular duct. sublingual salivary gland
The majority of the hard palate is formed by the _____. It also forms part of the face, part of the orbit of the eye and houses an important sinus on each side of the face. maxillary bone
Bones and teeth have three major components that make up the hard portion of these structures. They are hydroxyapatite, cells and _____. This last component is protein in nature and functions to stabilize the mineral portion of the tooth. bone collagen
The _____ is the laryngeal cartilage that seals off the larynx during the act of swallowing. epiglottic cartilage
The cranial nerve that accompanies the lingual artery to the tongue is the _____. hypoglossal nerve (XII)
The nerve found along the lateral aspects of the trachea at the level of the thyroid gland is the _____. vagosympathetic trunk
The lympoid organs found in the oral pharynx are the _____. tonsils
The larynx connects the pharynx to the _____. trachea
The specific names of the exocrine glands that produce ptyalin are the parotid salivary gland, the sublingual salivary gland, and the _____. mandibular salivary gland
The bony portion of the nasal septum is made up of the vomer and the _____. perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
The posterior triangle of the neck of a human is bounded by the clavicle, the trapezius, and the _____. sternocleidomastoid muscle
The anterior triangle of the neck of a cat is bounded by the digastric muscle, the sternohyoid muscle, and the _____. sternomastoid muscle
The salivary gland found along the submandibular duct is the _____.
The anterior triangle boundaries in the cat are made up by these three structures.. sternohyoid muscle, digastric muscle, and sternomastoid muscle
The anterior triangle boundaries in the human are made up by these three structures. sternohyoid muscle, digastric muscle, and sternocleidomastoid muscle
The posterior triangle boundaries in the cat are made up by these three structures. cleidomastoid muscle, clavicle, and clavotrapezius muscle.
The posterior triangle boundaries in the human are made up by these three structures. sternocleidomastoid muscle, clavicle, and trapezius muscle.
This cartilage is found in the larynx and is the only one that makes a complete ring. cricoid cartilage
This cartilage of the larynx is the only one that is split into 2. It is also the only paired cartilage we will study. arytenoid cartilage
This bilobate endocrine gland is adjacent to the trachea just inferior to the larynx. thyroid gland
This structure of the nasal cavity and pharynx is known as the little grape. uvula
There are 7 openings into or out of the pharynx. Name them. Oral cavity, 2 internal naves, 2 eustachian tubes, esophagus and the trachea.
Name the three major components of teeth. hydroxyapatite, bone collagen, and cells
What are the three advantages to chewing food? makes food easier to swallow (motility), mixing action in digestion helps us digest, and miniaturization
The parotid gland is controlled by what nerve? glossopharyngeal nerve (IX)
The mandibular and sublingual salivary glands are controlled by what nerve? facial nerve (VII)