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Anatomy I

SFSM Anatomy I

TermDefinition
trunk ribs to pelvis
antebrachium lower arm
brachium upper arm
manus hand
carpus wrist
metacarpus palm
digits fingers and toes
clunes gluteals
crus lower leg
pes foot
tarsus ankle
metatarsus flat of foot
cranial cavity holds the brain
thoracic cavity holds the lungs and heart
abdominopelvic cavity holds the organs
dorsal back surface
ventral front surface
posterior behind
anterior in front of
superior above
inferior below
medial towards the midline
lateral away from the midline
proximal towards point of origin
distal away from point of origin
cranial head
caudal tail
sagittal plane divides the body into right and left parts
frontal plane divides the body into front and back parts
transverse plane divides the body into top and bottom parts
osteoblast bone forming or depositing cell
osteocyte bone regulating or monitoring cell
osteoclast cell responsible for breaking down bone
collagen What gives bone its tensile strength?
bone salts What contributes to the hardness of bone?
compact bone bone cover
periosteum envelops the bone, except where it articulates with other bones
articular cartilage cushions articular ends of bones to reduce friction
diaphysis bone shaft
epiphysis bone ends
medullary cavity hollow center of diaphysis - marrow cavity
nutrient foramen openings in the bone that carry blood vessels to the bone tissue
crest a bony ridge
facet small, smooth surface of bone - usually an articular surface
foramen hole in a bone
fossa shallow depression or concavity in bone
notch an indentation in the margin or edge of a bone
process projection or outgrowth of a bone
tubercle mound-like projections of bone
annulus fibrosis What is the name of an intervertebral disc's inner layer?
nucleus pulposus What is the name of an intervertebral disc's outer layer?
Created by: jrpotter
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