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A&P Practice Test 2

Chapters 4-7

QuestionAnswer
Nervous tissue is derived from which primary germ layer? Ectoderm
In comparing connective tissue to epithelial tissue: Connective tissue has widely scattered cells
Body cavities which open to the outside are covered by: Mucous membranes
Bone to bone connections are made by which tissue? Connective
Which tissue is not classified as connective tissue? Smooth muscle
Mucin is secreted by a: Goblet cell
The cell type that secretes the matrix in dense connective tissue: Fibroblast
Collagen provides: Strength
One or more cells that make and secrete a product through ducts is a/an: Exocrine gland
This gland type releases its product when the cell ruptures: Holocrine
This extracellular matrix protein gives connective tissue the ability to stretch and recoil: Elastin
Functioning cells of an organ make up the: Parenchyma
Chondroblasts: Secrete new matrix in cartilage
Each primary tissue type is given a single descriptive term. Which is correct? Nervous:control and Muscular:movement
The shape of the external ear is maintained by: Elastic cartilage
Tissue making up the brain and spinal cord is: Nervous
Organized groups of cells plus their extracellular substances that have a common purpose form a/an: Tissue
Which of the following would not be classified as a component of the extracellular matrix? Fibroblast
The cell that is not associated with connective tissue? Muscle fiber
The supporting region of a tissue or organ like the extracellular matrix is also called the: Stroma
The connective tissue that would absorb increases in tissue fluid, such as edema: Areolar
Which of the following would be repaired more easily? Broken bone
Cells in the epidermis produce this pigment, which determines the differences in skin coloring: Melanin
Cells in sebaceous glands: Rupture the entire cell containing the oil into the duct entering the hair follicle
The deeper layer of the dermis is the: Reticular region
The hair root is located within the: Follicle
The layer of the epidermis where the cells undergo mitosis is: Stratum basale
Sweat is the product of which type gland? Suderiferous
The most superficial cell layer of the epidermis is the: Stratum corneum
Cornified epithelia contains: Keratin
The epidermis is classified as: Stratified squamous epithelium
The shape of the external ear is maintained by: Elastic cartilage
A needle would pierce the epidermal layers of the palm of the hand in which order? Corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum, basale
The hypodermis or subcutaneous layer contains: Adipose
Which of the following encapsulated nerve endings for touch is found nearest to the epidermis? Meissner's corpuscles
Yellow bone marrow contains a large percentage of: Fat
The cell responsible for secreting the matrix of bone is the: Osteoblast
An osteon or haversian system is composed of: Circles of lamella surrounding a central canal
All cranial bones develop from: Fibrous membraes
A fracture in the shift of a bone would be a break in the: Diaphysis
Very large bone process on femur: Trochanter
Shallow depression, may be an articular socket: Fossa
Round opening in a bone: Foramen
Large rounded process: Condyle
Canal or tube-like passageway: Meatus
Outer connective tissue layer: Periosteum
The end of a long bone: Epiphysis
Covers bone surfaces that articulate with other bones: Articular cartilage
Lining of the medullary cavity: Endosteum
Bone type that forms the epiphysis: Spongy bone
Bone type that forms the diaphysis: Compact bone
Lengthwise growth of the bone occurs here: Epiphyseal plate
The skull bone posterior to the foramen magnum is: Occipital
The membranous areas between the cranial bones of the fetal skull are called: Fontanels
The floating ribs are: 11-12
The axial skeleton contains: the skull, vertebral column and bony thorax
One of the following sets of bones contains one bone that does not belong with the others: frontal, parietal, sphenoid, zygomatic
The wing-shaped bone that extends behind the eyes and forms the keystone of the cranium: Sphenoid
The fingers have three, but the thumb has only two: Phalanges
Location of the linea aspera: Femur
Weight bearing bone of the lower leg: Tibia
Articulates with phalanges in the feet: Metatarsals
Forearm bone that articulates with the carpals: Radius
Bones of the wrist: Carpals
Bones of the ankle: Tarsals
Articulates with the glenoid fossa: Humerus
Articulates with the trochlea: Ulna
The bone cell which is involved in breaking down bone is the: Osteoclast
The hyaline cartilage of the embryonic skeleton forms bone by: Endochondral ossification
Which cell is the mature bone cell? Osteocyte
The three coxal bones are fused together to form the: Acetabulum
How many thoracic vertebrae are there in the vertebral column? 12
The primary curves in the vertebral column are the: Thoracic and sacral
The surface of bones is covered by: Periosteum
Created by: karivanam