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Anatomical Terms

Anatomical Terminology from Lab Manual

TermDefinitionExamples
Anatomical position 1-body erect; 2-face forward; 3-upper lims at the side of the body; 4-palms forward; 5-lower limbs parallel; 6-feet pointed forward
Divisions of Anatomy 1-gross:macroscopic; 2-microscopic; 3-developmental (study of individual from conception to death)
Different wasy of studying gross anatomy regional, systemic, surface
microscopic cytology (cells), histology (tissues)
developmental intrauterine (embryonic-1st 2 months gestation and fetal-3rd to 9 months) and extrauterine (birth (parturition) to death
Body planes & sections median, saggital, frontal, horizontal
median plane divides the body into equal right & left halves
saggital plane vertical planes parallel to the median plane
frontal plane vertical plane dividing the body intor anterior and posterior parts
horizontal plane (transaxial) divides the body into superior and inferior parts
regional terms axial and appendicular
axial head, neck, trunk (thorax, abdomen, pelvis)
appendicular upper and lower limb plus pectoral girdle (clavicle and scapula) and pelvic girdle (os coxae-hip bone)
superior toward the head the heart is superior to the liver
inferior toward the feet the stomach is inferior to the lungs
anterior toward the front of the body the sternum is anterior to the heart
posterior toward the back of the body the esophagus is posterior to the trachea
medial toward the median plane the ulna is medial to the radius
lateral further from the medial plane the lungs are lateral to the heart
proximal nearer the trunk or point of origin the humerus is proximal to the radius
distal away from the trunk or point of origin the phalanges are distal to the carpals
superficial near the surface the ribs are superficial to the lungs
deep away from the surface (profundus) the ribs are deep to the skin of the chest and back
dorsum back of hand or superior surface of foot
palmar anterior surface of hand
plantar sole of the foot
ipsilateral on the same side
contralateral on the opposite side
Created by: debmurph