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The Labor Movement
Gateway to US History Chapter 5 The Labor Movement
|these are conditions in the workplace where the boss and the worker do know have a "close relationship"
|these are the conditions where workers work unusually long days and long weeks (6 to 7 days a week)
|boring, repetitive tasks
|in the workplace, this is where the worker is faced with doing the same job over and over again to boost productivity
|this is where a worker is paid little to no money for their work
|improper clothing, unsafe machinery and little training led to accidents where workers were injured or killed
|this is where under age children were used as unskilled labor to perform dangerous tasks for little or no pay.
|if you are fired from a job, or injured on the job, there is no workers compensation or unemployment compensation to assist the worker
|lack of opportunity for advancement
|this is where workers are stuck doing a job with no chance of "moving up" to a better position with better pay
|unpleasant living conditions
|after work, workers would return to their home located in towns neighboring the factors of which they work. These towns were extremely dirty and overpriced.
|groups of workers who banned together to lobby for better pay, working conditions and treatment.
|walking off the job, refusing to work and protesting by unhappy workers.
|a Jewish cigar worker who started the American Federation of Labor
|he founded the "Knights of Labor" to help unskilled workers in their struggle against their employers.
|Knights of Labor
|A labor organization created in 1869 by Terrence Powederly to assist unskilled workers
|American Federation of Labor or AFL
|A labor organization created in 1881 by Samuel Gompers to assist craft unions such as carpenters, cigar-makers, and shoemakers.
|a line of striking workers outside the business that they are striking against.
|money used to support striking workers in their time of protest.
|those individuals who "run" the company
|when a company "lockout" their workers in protest of unhappy workers
|strike-breakers or scabs
|these are temporary workers that are brought in by management to replace striking workers.
|yellow dog contracts
|an agreement employers would ask their employees to sign agreeing not to join a union
|a list of workers (trouble makers) whose names will be circulated to other businesses
|a court order from a judge ordering workers back to work.
|people who believe in overthrowing capitalist society and establishing self-governing communities.
|Henry C. Frick
|Carnegie's partner who pushed steel workers at Homestead extremely hard until they broke and went on strike.
|hired muscle by Frick to break the strike at Homestead. They were armed whiling to kill if needed.
|his workers, who built railroad passenger cars in Pullman, Illinois that went on strike in 1894
|a town that was owned and operated by a company
|Eugene V. Debs
|helped to form the American Railway Union to assist the workers in the Pullman Strike
|a system of related beliefs and ideas about people, society, economics and government
|these people believed in a "free market" of buying and selling goods.
|societies were subject to the same laws as other organisms. "Survival of the fittest"
|followed the ideas of Karl Marx. People within the class structure are all equal. There is no rich, no poor. The workers share everything and own everything. They achieved this through violence.
|people who believed in government ownership of all production and businesses. It called for a nonviolent revolution