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TDommel

YTI- Med Term Final I / Diagnostic, Procedures & Abbreviations

QuestionAnswer
Bursting open of a wound, especially a surgical abdominal wound dehiscence
Feverish; pertaining to a fever febrile
Relative constancy or equilibrium in the internal environment of the body homeostasis
Body defense against injury, infection, or allergy marked by redness, swelling,heat,pain and sometimes,loss of function inflammation
Visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an endoscope endoscopy
Visual exam of the organs of the pelvis and abdomen through very small incisions in the abdominal wall laparoscopy
Exam of the lungs, pleura, and pleural space with a scope inserted through a small incision between the ribs thorascopy
Ultrasound technique used to detect and measure blood-flow velocity and direction through the cardiac chambers, valves by reflecting sound waves off of moving blood cells Doppler
Removal of a small core of tissue using a hollow instrument punch biopsy
Removal of a part, pathway, or function by surgery, chemical, electro,freezing or rediofrequency ablation
Surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another anastomosis
Destroy tissue by electricity, freezing, heat, or corrosive chemicals cauterize
Incision made to allow the free flow or withdrawal of fluids from a wound or cavity incision and drainage (I&D)
Walled cavity containing pus and surrounded by inflamed or necrotic tissue abscess
Deep-seated pyogenic infection o the skin usually involving subcutaneous tissues carbuncle
Diffuse, acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue cellulitis
Commonly called a bruise ecchymosis
Redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries erythema
Damaged tissue following a severe burn eschar
Inflammatory skin disease characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture impetigo
Unnatural paleness or absence of color in the skin pallor
Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin petechia
Localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches vitiligo
Another name for warts verruca
Removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue in a wound; used to promote healing debridement
Removal of acne scars, tattoos, or fine wrinkles though the use of sandpaper, and other abrasive materials dermabrasion
Freezing to destroy or eliminate abnormal tissue cryosurgery
Inhibit inflammation, redness, and itching caused by allergic skin reaction and the release of histamine antihistamines
Decrease inflammation and itching by suppressing the immune system's response to tissue damage corticosteroid anti-inflammatories
Condition where the bones become porous osteoporosis
A systemic disease that changes the joints rheumatoid arthritis
Stiffness and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma etc ankylosis
Lameness, limping claudication
Increase in severity if a disease or of any of its symptoms exacerbation
Replacement of a missing part by an artificial substitute prosthesis
Partial or incomplete dislocation subluxation
Visual exam of a joint arthroscopy
Presence of glucose in the urine glycosuria
Excessive hair, especially in women hirsutism
Excessive amount of calcium in the blood hypercalcemia
Excessive amount of potassium in the blood hyperkalemia
Low sodium in the blood hyponatremia
Abnormal increase in the proportion of fat cells obesity
Excision of the thyroid gland thyroidectomy
Treats Type I diabetes insulins
Phychological disorderin which the major characteristic is an abnormal mood, usually mania or depression affective disorder
Refusal to eat to maintain an adequate weight for age and height anorexia nervosa
Feelings of worry dread, lack of energy and a loss of interest in life anxiety
Affects both children and adults characterized by impulsiveness, overactivity and the inability to remain focused on a task attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, emotion, energy and ability to function; also called manic-depressive illness bipolar disorder
Binging and purging also called bulimia nervosa
Mood disorder associated with sadness, despair, discouragement, and commonly feelings of low self-esteem, guilt and withdrawal depression
Mood disorder characterized by mental and physical hyperactivity, disorganized behavior and hyper-elevated mood mania
Sudden, profound, overwhelming feeling of fear that comes without warning panic attack
Weakness, debility, or loss of strength asthenia
Lack of muscle coordination in the execution of voluntary movement ataxia
Self-limiting paralysis due to developmental defects in the brain or trauma during the birth process cerebral palsy
Broad term that refers to cognitive deficit, including memory impairment dementia
Inability to learn and process written language despite adequate intelligence, sensory ability,and exposure dyslexia
Accumulation of fluid in the ventricles of the brain causing thinning of brain tissue and separation of cranial bones hydrocephalus
Paralysis of the trunk and both legs paraplegia
Paralysis of all four extremities quadriplegia
Severe pain that runs down the leg due to a compressed nerve sciatica
Another name for fainting syncope
Recording of electrical activity in the brain electroencephalography
Series of chemical, microscopic, and microbial tests used to diagnose disorders of the CNS, including viral and bacterial infection tumors and hemorrhage cerebrospinal fluid analysis
Partial destruction of the thalamus to treat intractable pain thalamotomy
Treats multiple symptoms of depression antidepressants
Bx, bx biopsy
BCC basal cell carcinoma
CM centimeter
decub decubitus ulcer, bedsore
derm dermatology
FS frozen section
ID intradermal
I & D incision and drainage
IMP impression
Sub Q subcutaneous
ung ointment
ACL anterior crucial ligament
AK above the knee
C1, C2 and so on first cervical vertebra, etc
Ca calcium; cancer
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
DJD degenerative joint desease
EMG electromyography
Fx fracture
HD hemodialysis; hip disarticulation; hearing distance
HNP herniated nucleus pulposus
NSAIDS nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
ROM range of motion
THA total hip arthroplasty
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKR total knee replacement
BMR basal metabolic rate
DI diabetes insipidus; diagnostic imaging
DKA diabetic ketoacidosis
DM diabetes mellitus
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
PRL prolactin
TFT thyroid function test
TSH thyroid stimulating hormone
AD alzheimer disease
ALS "Lou Gehrig disease"
CNS central nervous system
CP cerebral palsy
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CVA cerebrovascular accident
EEG electroencephalogram; electroencephalography
LOC loss of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
TIA transient ischemic attack
Created by: TDommel