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URI Anatomy Quiz 4

URI Anatomy Quiz 4 thoracic wall, vertebral column, spinal cord, and meninges

QuestionAnswer
The three parts of the intervertebral disc are: the anulus fibrosus, nucleus pulposus, and the _____. articular cartilage
The name of the dense connective tissue outer layer of the intervertebral disc is the _____. anulus fibrosus
The name of the gelatinous center of the intervertebral disc is the _____. nucleus pulposus
The ventral (anterior) root of the spinal cord is made up of _____. motor neurons
The thin piece of material that anchors the spinal cord to the coccyx is called the _____. filum terminale
The gladiiolus is composed of (the answer should include a number) _____. 4 fused sternabrae
The superior most sternabra is called the _____. munubrium
The dorsal (posterior) root of the spinal cord is made up of _____. sensory neurons
The name of the tough superficial layer of meniges is the _____. dura mater
The name of the vascular layer of the meninges is the _____. pia mater
The vertebral arteries that pass through the transverse foramen of the cervical vertebrae are of particular importance because they serve the _____. brain
The articulations between the articular facets of the lumbar vertebrae are in a _____. Functionally this is important because it allows for the most flexibiliy in an anterior and posterior direction. sagittal plane
The axial skeleton consists of _____. skull, vertebrae, ribs and sternum
The middle portion of the sternum is known as the body or _____. It is made up of four sternabrae and articulates with half of rib 2, ribs 3 through 7 directly, the manubrium, and the xiphoid process. gladiolus
The curves of the vertebral column are largely formed because of the _____. intervertebral discs
The superior most sternebra is known as the manubrium or _____. It articulates with the clavicle, rib 1, half or rib two, and the body of the sternum. handle
There is very little or no space between the dura mater and the arachnoid mater. This is referred to as a(n) _____. potential space
Both motor and sensory neurons are found in the posterior rami and in the _____. anterior ramus
The posterior root of the spinal cord is composed of sensory or _____. efferent neurons
The cervical vertebrae articulate in a(n) _____. This has functional significance in that it increases flexibility of the cervical region. sagittal plane
The inferior most portion of the vertebral column is the _____. It may include between 3 and 5 vertebrae. Most people have four of these vertebrae. coccyx
The inferior portion of the spinal cord resembles a horse's tail. It it known as the _____. conus medullaris (terminale)
The material found in the subarachnoid space and that serves as a shock absorber for the brain and spinal cord is the _____. cerebrospinal fluid
The _____ is found between the ribs and aids in forceful inspiration during exercise. internal intercostal muscle