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Muscle movements

QuestionAnswer
shoulder flexion PM pect major SYN biceps
shoulder extension PM lats SYN teres major
shoulder abduction PM deltoid; SYN supraspinatus
shoulder adduction PM lats SYN teres major
shoulder horizontal abduction/extension PM none; SYN deltoid
shoulder horizontal adduction/flexion PM pect major; SYN deltoid
shoulder lateral rotation PM infraspinatus; SYN deltoid
shoulder medial rotation PM subscapularis; SYN lats
scapula protaction PM serratus anterior; SYN pect minor
scapula upward rotation PM serratus anterior; SYN trapezius
scapula downward rotation PM pectoralis minor; SYN levator scapulae
scapula retraction PM rhomboid major; SYN rhomboid minor
scapula elevation PM levator scapulae; SYN trapezius
scapula depression PM trapezius; SYN pectoralis minor
contracting the subclavius stabilizes and depresses the entire shoulder
elbow flexion PM biceps ; SYN pronator teres
elbow extension PM triceps; SYN anconeus
elbow pronation PM pronator teres; SYN pronator quadratus
elbow supination PM none; SYN supinator
hip flexion PM iliopsoas; SYN tensor fascia latae
hip extension PM gluteus maximus SYN semitendonosus
hip abduction PM gluteus medius; SYN gluteus maximus
hip adduction PM none; SYN adductors
hip horizontal abduction/extension PM piriformis; SYN sup gemellus
hip horizontal adduction/flexion PM adductors; SYN pectineus
hip medial rotation PM none; SYN adductors
hip lateral rotation PM none; SYN gluteus maximus
knee flexion PM semitendonosus SYN plantaris
knee extension PM quads, SYN tensor fasciae latae
ankle plantar flexion PM gastrocnemius, SYN tibialis posterior
ankle dorsiflexion PM tibialis anterior; SYN fibularis tertius
ankle inversion PM tibialis posterior; SYN tibialis anterior
ankle eversion PM none; SYN fibularis tertius
concentric contraction muscle shortens (force and movement in same direction)
eccentric contraction muscle lengthens (force and movement in opposite directions)
open kinetic chain freely moving, unfixed to object (dumbbell)
closed kinetic chain restrains movement (barbell)
3 planes coronal (a/p), sagittal (r/l), transverse (s/i)
eccentric is usually flexion, adduction
concentric is usually extension, abduction
part 2 of pushup is what (at shoulder) flexion (horizontal adduction)
part 1 of pushup what muscle eccentric triceps
eccentric at knee squat part 1 quads (not rectus femoris)
hip extension part 2 squat biceps femoris (long head)
antagonist at hip, synergist knee squat part 2 tensor faschiae latae
part 1 squat what movement at ankle dorsiflexion
part 2 squat what movement at ankle plantar flexion
fixator at elbow arm rotation brachioradialis, pronator teres, brachialis
prime mover part 1 arm rotation subscapularis (medial rotation)
prime mover part 2 arm rotation infraspinatus (lateral rotation)
prime mover shoulder pullup lats, pect major
synergist elbow pullup pronator teres, brachioradialis
Created by: melaniebeale