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Mautner Jessica


protonsparticles w/ positive charge
trace element substance that presents in such small amount
atom smallest unit of an element that retains the charecteristic chemical properties of that element
element substance that can not be broken down into simpler subtance
atomic structure compose of smaller components called subatomic particles
protons located inside the nucleus of an atom
neutrons uncharge particles also located inside the nucleus
neutrons have the same mass as protons
electrons particles with negative charge
eletrons extremely small mass 1/8000 of mass of protons
atomic number # of protons/chemical identity of the atom
mass number total # of protons plus neutrons
atomic number # of protons plus neutrons
energy level/electron shells space surrounding the atomic nucleus where electrons are located
chemical compounds 2 or more different elements combine in fixed ratio
chemical bonds the attractive force that holds two atoms together
mixture combination of 2 or more substances that can separate by ordianry physical mean but still retain its original property
solution mixture in which the components particles remain evenly distributed
solute substance that is present in the smaller amount 4 being dissolve
solvent large amount of liquid/gas that does the dissolving
suspension mixture involving liquid settles unless they are continually shaken
electrolytes substance that break up/dissociate in solution to form charge particles that can conduct electric current
acid proton donor, sour taste, below 7 of pH scale
base proton acceptor, bitter taste, alkaline, above 7 of pH Scale
buffer solution that resist changes in pH when acid or base is added
anions negative charge ions
cations positive charge ions
isotope when element has different # of neutron they will have different atomic weight
orgainic compound large, complex compound containing carbon
orbital represent the place where most electrons probably found
chemistry the science that deals with the composition of matter and the changes that occur in that composition
chemical symbols abbreviations of an elememnt usually uses the first or first two letter of the chemical name
chemical formula shorthand method of describing a compound
nucleus center of atom
valence shelf orbital shell
# proton atomic #
atomic weight protons + neutrons
pH scale the scale indicating the strength of acid and base
carbohydrate quick energy 4kcal/gm
monosaccharide simplest carbohydrate (glucose)
amino acid building block of protein
monosaccharide building block of carbohydrate
fatty acid and glycerol building block of lipid
nucleotides building block of nucleic acid
alpha slow, weak penetrate power, can block with sheet of paper
beta more rapidly than alpha, penetrate deeper 4 more dangerous, use to treat cancer and tumors
gamma greatest penetrating power use in testing of nucleuar medicine and X-ray
Pure Food and Drug Act 1906 Rx needed for certain drug to ensure that drug package accurately with name and ingredients
Food Drug and Cosmetic Act 1937 require new drug appication to submitted to gov. prior to marketing to ensure safety and efficacy
orange book rating system of code for therapeutic bioequivalence of generic drugs
aluminum Al
barium Ba
baron B
calcium Ca
carbon C
chloride Cl
chromium Cr
copper Cu
fluorine F
gold Au
helium He
hydrogen H
iodine I
iron Fe
lead Pb
lithium Li
magnesium Mg
manganese Mn
mercury Hg
nitrogen N
oxygen O
phosphorus P
platinum Pt
potassium K
silver Ag
sodium Na
sulfur S
tin Sn
zinc Zn
potassium chloride KCl
magnesium hydroxide Mg(OH)2
sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3
magnesuim sulfate MgSO4
INDA Investigational New Drug Application
NDA New Drug Application
ANDA Abbreviated New Drug Application
protein contain the carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
triglycerides(TRG) neutral fat
therapeutic equivalence generic treatment works the same as trad
Created by: tito