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Medical Terminology

Chapters 1-6 quiz questions

QuestionAnswer
Identify and define the suffix in the term "costochondritis" itis- inflammation
The suffixes -algia and -dynia both mean: pain
When putting medical terms together, do NOT use a combining vowel: to join a root to a suffix that begins with a vowel.
Translate the suffix -logy. study of
Which of these correctly represents a medical term built with the following root and suffix: vas/o + spasm? vasospasm
Medical language is made up primarily (but not exclusively) of words taken from which two ancient languages? Greek and Latin
What is the meaning of the suffix -rrhexis? rupture
Which is the proper breakdown of the word parts in the term hemarthrosis? hem/arthr/osis
What is the meaning of the suffix -oma? tumor
What is the meaning of the suffix -spasm? involuntary contraction
Which term means "instrument for looking into a joint"? (arthr/o = joint) arthroscope
Which of the following prefixes are opposites? brady-, tachy-
Identify and define the root in the term subcutaneous. cutane/o– skin
What is the meaning of the root hydr/o? water
Which term means "surgical reconstruction of a vessel"? angioplasty
Which is the proper translation of gastritis? Inflammation of the stomach
Which is the proper translation of angiogram? Record of the blood vessels
Translate the suffix -emia. Blood condition
Identify the correct pronunciation for the underlined syllable in cyanosis sai
Identify and define the prefix in the term antigen. anti– against
What is the meaning of the suffix -rrhaphy? suture
Which of the following prefixes are opposites? hyper-, hypo-
Identify and define the prefix in the term hypertrophic hyper - over
Translate the suffix -graph. Instrument used to produce a record
What is the root in the term tachycardia? cardi
Which of the following pairs of abbreviations are opposites? PO, NPO
PERRLA means: pupils are equal, round, and reactive to light and accommodation.
Emergency Department Course: Disposition: Transfer to PICU. According to this excerpt, Miss Sweet was transferred to the: pediatric intensive care unit
A medication prescribed BID is taken: twice a day.
Which part of SOAP describes the following excerpt T: 99.0; HR: 60; RR: 20; BP: 112/70 Gen: Pleasant, responsive. No acute distress Resp: CTA. No wheezes, rales, rhonchi, or crackles. Good air exchange. No increased work of breathing Objective
The O in SOAP stands for objective
A discharge summary will often have information regarding the recommended f/u, or ________________ for the patient. follow up
If a patient’s infection is classified as malignant, it is: dangerous
If a patient is prone, he is: lying down on his belly.
Prophylaxis refers to: preventative treatment.
The S in SOAP stands for subjective
A review of systems is: a description of individual body systems in order to discover any symptoms not directly related to the main problem.
Interpret the following abbreviations: "The Pt is 5y/o." The patient is 5 years old.
A patient has unremarkable symptoms. Unremarkable is a medical term used to mean: normal
When a medical professional gives a prognosis, he is indicating: the chances for things getting better or worse.
A skin Bx confirmed diagnosis of AK said cryotherapy for smll lesions on arms and dermabrasion for scalp lesions I explained AK can lead to squamous cell carcinoma and told the risks of sun exposure even further AKs and melanoma. which isnt true The history of the patient’s skin condition confirmed the doctor thinks the patient has skin cancer.
Translate the root xer/o. dry
Which medical term means abnormal softening of the nail? Onychomalacia
Which of these is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term rhytidoplasty? rhytido (wrinkle) + plasty (reconstruction) = reconstruction of wrinkled skin
Which of the following roots means thick? pachy/o
Which of the following roots means fat? all of these (adip/o, lip/o, steat/o)
Which of these is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term ichthyosis? ichthy (scaly) + osis (condition) = a condition of the skin that is dry and scaly
Which of these is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term hidradenitis? hidr(sweat) + aden (gland) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of the sweat glands
Which of these is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term percutaneous? per (through) + cutane (skin) + ous (pertaining to) = pertaining to through the skin
ID is an abbreviation for: intradermal = intra(inside) + derm (skin) + itis (inflammation) = pertaining to inside the skin.
The roots onych/o and ungu/o both mean: nail
Translate the root rhytid/o. wrinkle
Identify the correct breakdown and translation of the term hyperkeratosis. hyper (over) + kerat (horny) + osis (condition) = excessive growth of horny skin
Identify which of the following pairs are synonyms. Allograft, homograft
Which of these is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term paronychia? par (around) + onych (nail) + ia (condition) = condition of the tissue around the nail
Identify and define the roots in the term pachyderma. pachy (thick) + derma(skin)
ABCDE is a mnemonic device for remembering steps in analysis and means: asymmetry, border, color, diameter, evolving.
An autograft is a skin transplant taken from: a different place on the patient’s body.
What is the medical term that means excessive growth of hair? Hypertrichosis
Which medical term means against histamine? Antihistamine
What is the correct pronunciation for the term alopecia? a-loh-PEE-sha
The medical term for a freckle is: macule, macula.
Which medical term means skin inflammation? Dermatitis
Indicate which syllable receives the emphasis when pronouncing the term lipectomy. 2ndsyllable: pek
Which of these is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term steatoma? steat (fat) + oma (tumor) = fatty tumor
Which syllable receives the emphasis in the medical term arthrogram? Syllable 1: ar
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term chondroplasty? chondro (cartilage) + plasty (reconstruction) = reconstruction of cartilage
Choose the correct translation for the root lumb/o. Loin, lower back
Translate the medical term hyperkinesia as literally as possible. Over movement
A drug that relieves pain is called a(n): analgesic.
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term osteoporosis? osteo (bone) + por (pore) + osis (condition) = bone pore condition (loss of bone density)
Which of the following roots describes the small fluid-filled sac found near the body’s joints? burs/o
Choose the correct translation for the root tars/o. ankle
Which of the following roots refers to arrangement, order, coordination? tax/o
Choose the correct translation for the root ankyl/o. Stiff, bent
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term polydactyly? poly (many) + dactyl (finger) + y (condition) = having more than the normal number of fingers
Build a medical term that means "tendon inflammation." Tendonitis
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term polymyositis? poly (many) + myos (muscle) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of many muscles
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term tarsectomy? tars (ankle) + ectomy (removal) = removal of all or part of an ankle
Build a medical term that means "puncture of a joint." Arthrocentesis
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term osteosclerosis? osteo (bone) + scler (hardening) + osis (condition) = abnormal hardening of bone
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term cervicodynia? cervico (neck) + dynia (pain) = neck pain
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term myasthenia? my (muscle) + asthenia (weakness) = muscle weakness
Build a medical term that means "incision into fascia." Fasciotomy
Choose the correct translation for the root femor/o. femur
Which of the following roots describes the fibrous connective tissue that binds muscles together? fasci/o
What is the correct abbreviation for a fracture? Fx
Which medical term means rib pain? Costalgia
Which is the correct translation of “subchondral sclerosis”? sub (beneath) + chondr (cartilage) + al (pertaining to) + sclerosis (hardening condition) = hardening condition beneath the cartilage
Identify the correct pronunciation for the term costochondritis. KAW-stoh-kawn-DRAI-tis
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term apathy? a (not) + path (suffering, disease) + y (condition) = without feeling or emotion
Translate the medical term cerebral thrombosis as literally as possible. "Pertaining to brain - clot condition": blockage of a blood vessel in the brain caused by a blood clot
Build a medical term that means "nerve tumor." Neuroma
Identify and define the root in the term hypnotic. hypno - sleep
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term anesthetic? an (not) + esthestic (feeling, sensation) = a drug that causes loss of sensation
Translate the medical term subdural hematoma as literally as possible. Blood tumor located beneath the dura
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term dysphasia? dys (bad) + phas (speech) + ia (condition) = bad speech condition (difficulty speaking)
Which syllable receives the emphasis in the term neurasthenia? 3: then
The widening or abnormal dilation of a blood vessel in the brain is known as a: cerebral aneurysm.
Which root refers to the nerve bundle? gangli/o
Which root refers to the entire membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord? mening/o, meningi/o
A loss or decline in mental function is called: dementia.
Translate the medical term craniotomy as literally as possible. Skull incision
Identify the correct pronunciation for the term meningocele. meh-NIN-goh-seel
Build a medical term that means "large head condition." Macrocephaly
Translate the medical term lobectomy as literally as possible. Lobe removal
A patient experiencing an abnormal sensation, usually numbness or tingling in the skin, is experiencing: paresthesia.
Build a medical term that means "removal of a piece of the skull." Craniectomy
Build a medical term that means "brain hernia." Encephalocele
Translate the medical term cephalalgia as literally as possible. Head pain
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term polyneuritis? poly (many) + neur (nerve) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of multiple nerves
Translate the root esthesi/o. Feeling, sensation
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term ganglioma? gangli (nerve bundle) + oma (tumor) = tumor of the ganglion (nerve bundles)
Which root refers to the spinal cord or bone marrow? myel/o
Which is the correct breakdown of the medical term neuroarthropathy into its component parts? neuro/arthro/pathy
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term presbyopia? presby (old age) + opia (vision condition) = decreased vision caused by old age
Translate the root myring/o. Eardrum
Translate the medical term myringomycosis as literally as possible. Fungal condition of the ear drum
Which is the correct breakdown of the medical term otorhinolaryngologist into its component parts? oto/rhino/laryngo/logist
Which root refers to the part of the skull behind the ear? mastoid/o
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term retinopathy? retino (retina) + pathy (disease) = disease of the retina
Which is the correct breakdown and translation of the medical term dacryocystitis? dacryo (tear) + cyst (sac) + itis (inflammation) = inflammation of the tear sac
Which of the following terms refers to ear pain? Otodynia
Build a medical term that means "reconstruction of the eardrum." Myringoplasty
Translate the root lacrim/o. Tear
Translate the medical term ophthalmopathy as literally as possible. Eye disease
Translate the term audiogram as literally as possible. Hearing record
Translate the term iridectomy as literally as possible. Removal of the iris
Build a medical term that means "discharge from the ear." Otorrhea
Identify the correct pronunciation of the medical term otoscope. OH-toh-skohp
Which abbreviation would be used to refer to both ears? AU
Identify and define the roots in the medical term blepharoconjunctivitis. blepharo - eyelid; conjunctiv - conjunctiva
Select the correct definition for the term otosclerosis. Hearing loss caused by the hardening of the bones in the middle ear
Read Johnny’s assessment: ASSESSMENT: Johnny has chronic OM failing three courses of oral antibiotics. Which of the following is TRUE given this information? Otitis media, an inflammation of the middle ear
Build a medical term that means "inflammation of the conjunctiva." Conjunctivitis
Which of the following abbreviations pertains to the eye? VA
Translate the root cycl/o. Ciliary body, the circle of tissue surrounding the lens
What is the root used in the abbreviations OD, OS, and OU? oculus - eye
Build a medical term that means "eye paralysis." Ophthalmoplegia
Crying, or the formation of tears, is known as: lacrimation.
Created by: lluckey3