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MED100 Final

Review

QuestionAnswer
enlargement of the heart Cardiomegaly
any disease or condition of the heart muscles Cardiomyopathy
any type of irregularity in the rhythm of the heart Arrhythmia
a fast heart rate Tachycardia
complete absence of the heart beat asystole (cardiac arrest)
uncomfortable sensation felt in the chest during premature contraction of the heart palpitation
Area of dilation or weakness in the wall of any artery aneurysm
elevated levels of lipids (fats) in the blood hyperlipidemia
procedure that uses a stethoscope to listen to the heart sounds Auscultation
automated device inserted to control the heart response to exercise cardiac excercise stress test
loose connective tissue directly beneath the dermis which is composed of adipose tissue that contains lipocytes that store fat subcutaneous tissue
severe systemic allergic reaction characterized by respiratory distress, hypotension and shock Anaphylaxis
excessive amounts of fluid that moves from the blood to the dermis or subcutaneous tissue and cause swelling edema
Gray to black discoloration of the skin in areas where the tissue has died Necrosis
Sounds (duzzing, ringing, hissing, or roaring) that are heard intermittently or constantly in one or both ears Tinnitus
sudden, sometimes severe bleeding from the nose Epistaxis
loss of muscle bulk in one or more muscle atrophy
temporary painful involuntary contraction of the muscle muscle spasm
inflammation of a tendon Tendinitis
A disease of the joint form any cause arthropathy
Blood in the Urine Hematuria
Temporary loss of consciousness (fainting) Syncope
Inability to empty the bladder because of an obstruction, nerve damage, or as a slide effect of certain types of drugs Urinary Retention
Inability to voluntarily keep urine in the bladder Incontinence
Inflammation or infection of one or both ovaries Ovarian Cancer
Clouding of the lens Cataract
Absence of monthly menstrual periods Amenorrhea
Inflammation or infection of the meninges of the brain and spinal cord cause by a bacterium or virus meningitis
yellowish discoloration of the skin and the whites of the eyes, usually due to the failure of the liver Jaundice
-itis Inflammation of; infection of
a- without; away from
EKG electrocardiogram
HTN Hypertension
LDL Low Density Lipoprotein
FX Fracture
LLE left lower extremity
ROM Range of Motion
ABD abdomen
A.C. before meals
BM Bowel Movement
IBS Irritable bowel syndrome
LFT's Liver Function Tests
N&V Nausea and vomiting
NPO Nothing by Mouth
SOB Shortness of breath
URI Upper Respiratory Infection
OD Right Eye
VF Visual Field
AD Right ear
AU Both Ears
TM tympanic membrane
ENT Ears, Nose and Throat
LMP Last Menstrual Period
OS Left eye
-megaly enlargement
Bi- two
Homo- same, similar, alike
Tri- three
PRN as needed
STAT Immediately
Hemi- one-half
Hyper- above; more than normal
Hypo- below, deficient
Quadri- four
Created by: urpatel91
 

 



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