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Anatomy

Body Plan

TermDefinition
anatomical position reference point, body erect, arms at sides, palms forehead, feet together and flat on the floor
regional terms know all regions of the body
frontal (anterior) forehead
orbital (anterior) eye
nasal (anterior) nose
oral (anterior) mouth
otic (anterior) ear
buccal (anterior) cheek
mental (anterior) chin
clavicular (anterior) collar bone
axillary (anterior) armpit
brachial (anterior) arm
antecubital (anterior) front of elbow
carpal (anterior) wrist
palmar (anterior) palm
digital (anterior) fingers
cervical (anterior) neck
pectoral (anterior) chest
sternal (anterior) breastbone
mammary (anterior) breast
abdominal (anterior) abdomen
umbilical (anterior) naval
pubic (anterior) genitals
inguinal (anterior) groin
coxal (anterior) hip
femoral (anterior) thigh
patellar (anterior) kneecap
crural (anterior) leg (shin)
talus (anterior) ankle
dorsum (anterior) top of foot
digital (anterior) toes
cranial (posterior) skull
occipital (posterior) back of skull (brain & vision)
nuchal (posterior) back of neck
acromial (posterior) point of shoulder
olecranon (posterior) point of elbow
dorsum (posterior) back of hand
scapular (posterior) shoulder blade
vertebral (posterior) spinal column
lumbar (posterior) loin
sacral (posterior) between hips
gluteal (posterior) buttocks
perineal (posterior) perineum
popliteal (posterior) behind knee
sural (posterior) calf
calcaneal (posterior) heel
plantar (posterior) sole
right upper quadrant (RUQ) liver, gallbladder
right lower quadrant (RLQ) appendix
left upper quadrant (LUQ) stomach, spleen, pancreas
left lower quadrant (LLQ) small intestines, large intestines, ovaries, colon
abdominal regions right and left hypochondriac region, right and left lumbar region, right and left iliac region, epigastric region, umbilical region, hypogastric region
directional terms (anatomical position-reference position) explains where one body structure is in relation to another
proximal closer to an attachment point, typically the shoulder or hip
distal further from an attachment point, typically the shoulder or hip
lateral away from midline
medial towards the midline
planes of the body planes are imaginary flat surfaces that pass through the body dividing it into sections
sagittal planes divide body into right and left portions two portions: midsagittal (median), parasagittal (beside)
frontal (coronal) planes divide the body into anterior & posterior portions
transverse planes divide body into superior & inferior portions
oblique planes not at a right angle to other planes (not often used in anatomy)
Created by: hharki