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Medical Terminology

Prefixes and Suffixes

-centesis surgical puncture
-clasis to break; surgical fracture
-desis binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
-ectomy excision, removal
-lysis separation; destruction; loosening
-pexy fixation (of an organ)
-plasty surgical repair
-rrhaphy suture
-stomy forming an opening (mouth)
-tome instrument to cut
-tomy incision
-tripsy crushing
-gram record, writing
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry act of measuring
-scope instrument for examinig
-scopy visual examination
-algia pain
-dynia pain
-cele hernia, swelling
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-edema swelling
-emesis vomiting
-ernia blood condition
-gen forming, producing, origin
-genesis forming, producing, origin
-iasis abnormal condition (by something specified)
-itis inflammation
-lith stone, calculus
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition ; increase
-pathy disease
-penia decrease, deficiency
-phagia eating, swallowing
-phasia speech
-phobia fear
-plasia formation, growth
-plasm formation, growth
-plegia paralysis
-ptosis prolapse,downward displacement
-rrhage bursting forth (of)
-rrhagia bursting forth (of)
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis abnormal condition of hardening
-spasm involuntary contraction, twitching
-stenosis narrowing, stricture
-toxic poison
-trophy nourishment, development
-ac pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ar pertaining to
-ary pertaining to
-eal pertaining to
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
-ile pertaining to
-ior pertaining to
-ous pertaining to
-tic pertaining to
-esis condition
-ia condition
-ism condition
-iatry medicine; treatment
-ician specialist
-ist specialist
-y condition; process
-icle small, minute
-ole small, minute
-ule small, minute
epi- above, upon
hypo- under, below, deficient
infra- under, below
sub- under, below
inter- between
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of
pro- before, in front of
retro- backward, behind
bi- two
dipl- double
diplo- double
hemi- one half
hyper- excessive, above normal
macro- large
micro- small
mono- one
uni- one
multi- many, much
poly- many, much
nulli- none
primi- first
quadri- four
tri three
ab- from, away from
ad- toward
circum- around
peri- around
dia- through
trans- through
ecto- outside, outward
exo- outside, outward
extra- outside, outward
endo- in, within
intra- in, within
para- near, beside; beyond
super- upper, above
supra- above; excessive; superior
ultra- excess, beyond
a- without, not
an- without, not
anti- against
contra- against
brady- slow
dys- bad; painful; difficult
eu- good, normal
hetero- different
homo- same
homeo- same
mal- bad
pan- all
pseudo- false
syn- union, together, joined
tachy- rapid
Created by: FunniMunchi3s