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USG CH.18 STUDYGUIDE

Voting and Election

TermDefinition
Cross-pressured voter p.548 a voter who is caught between conflicting elements in his or her identity
Legislative referendum p. 547 a special election in which the legislature refers a measure to the voters for their approval
Soft money p. 558 a contribution to a political party that is not accounted as going to a particular candidate, thus avoiding various legal limitations
Precinct p. 563 the area within the walls or perceived boundaries of a particular building or place
SuperPAC p. 558, 596-597 a political committee that can solicit and spend unlimited sums of money
Grandfather clause p. 541 an exemption in a law for a certain group based on previous conditions
Limits on campaign contributions supporters and non supporter view p. 292 individuals may give 2,700$ Authorized Campaign Committee may give 2,000$ PAC(multi candidate) may give 5,000$ PAC( not multi candidate) may give 2,700
Initiative p. 547-548 a method by which citizens propose a constitutional law or amendment
Midterm election p. 546-547 a Congressional election that takes place halfway through the president’s term in office
Straight party ticket p. 549 the practice of voting for every candidate that a political party has on a general election ballot
Freedom Summer p. 561 volunteer campaign in the United States launched in June 1964 to attempt to register as many African-American voters as possible in Mississippi
Hard money p. 557-558 specific type of asset-based loan financing through which a borrower receives funds secured by real property
Propaganda p. 553-554 the use of ideas, information, or rumors to influence opinion
Canvassing board p. 565 examine carefully or discuss thoroughly; scrutinize
Voting Rights Act of 1965 p. 542,545 signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson on August 6, 1965, aimed to overcome legal barriers at the state and local levels that prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote under the 15th Amendment
Ad hominem p. 553 directed against a person rather than the position they are maintaining
Buckley v Valeo p. 556 US constitutional law case of the US Supreme Court on campaign finance. A majority of judges held limits on election spending in the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1971 §608 were unconstitutional
List ways voter turnout could be improved p. 562 fine non voters/ benefits for voters
Incumbent p. 139 necessary for someone as a duty or responsibility
Explain progression of voters inclusion form the beginning of the U.S up to today p. 540-544 progression from early voters being only white males that owned land to U.S. citizens, after the civil rights act & repeal of Jim crow laws African Americans could finally vote. women were allowed to vote soon after
Created by: erinstolte