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Chapter 5

cerebr/o & encephal/o Brain
cerebell/o Cerebellum
lob/o Lobe
cephal/o Head
crani/o Head or Skull
neur/o Nerve
gangli/o Nerve Bundle
myel/o Spinal Cord or Bone Marrow
dur/o Dura (Tough outer membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord)
mening/o & meningi/o Meninges (Membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord)
esthesi/o Feeling & Sensation
phas/o Speech
phren/o & psych/o Mind
somn/o & somn/I & hypn/o Sleep
gnosi/o Know
-mania Excessive Desire
-phobia Excessive Fear or Sensitivity
-paresis Slight or Partial Paralysis
ton/o Muscle Tone, Tension, or Pressure
kinesi/o & kinet/o Movements & Motion
tax/o Arrangement, Order, & Coordination
-plegia Paralysis
-asthenia Weakness
general anesthetic complete loss of consciousness
local anesthetic does not affect consciousness
regional anesthetic injected into a nerve causing loss of sensation over a particular area
topical anesthetic local anesthetic applied to the surface of the area to be anesthetized
epidural anesthetic anesthetic applied in the dural region of the spinal cord
anesthetic a drug that causes loss of sensation
CVA ( Cerebrovascular Accident ) an accident involving blood vessels of the brain
stroke loss of brain function caused by interruption of blood flow/supply to the brain
hemorrhagic stroke a stroke where the blood loss is caused by the rupture of a blood vessel
ischemic stroke a stroke where the blood loss is caused by a blockage
TIA ( Transient ischemic attack ) "mini-stroke" -- caused by the blockage of a blood vessel, which usually resolves itself within 24 hours
cerebrovascular disease a disease of the blood vessels of the brain
cerebral aneurysm the widening or abnormal dilation of a blood vessel in the brain
cerebral embolism the blockage of a blood vessel in the brain caused by a foreign object such as fa or bacteria
aphasia inability to speak
hemiparesis partial paralysis on half of the body
hemiplegia paralysis on half of the body
Created by: joyc