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Terms and Procedures

Med-Term 2 - Female Reproductive System

Destruction of tissue using high-frequency electrical current fulguration
The sex, or reproductive, organs visible on the outside of the body genetalia
The length of time from conception to birth gestation
Small, rounded mass or glandlike body; erectile tissue at the ends of the clitoris and the penis glans
Production and release of milk by mammary glands lactation
Mouth; entrance or outlet of any anatomic structure orifice
Time after childbirth that lasts approximately 6 weeks during which the canges brought about by pregnancy resolve and the mother adjusts to motherhood and nonpregnant life puerperium
Capable of sustaining life; denotes a fetus sufficiently developed to live outside of the uterus viable
Accessory parts of a structure adnexa
Congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina atresia
Malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy choriocarcinoma
Ovarian scar tissue that results from rupturing of a follicle during ovulation and becomes a small yellow body that produces progesterone after ovulation corpus luteum
Contraceptive divice consisting of a hemishere of thin rubber bonded to a flexible ring; inserted into the vagina together with spermicidal jelly or cream contraceptive diaphragm
Occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse dyspareunia
Inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri endocervicitis
Benign uterine tumors composed of muscle and fiberous tissue; also called leiomyomas fibroids
Inability or diminished ability to produce offspring infertility
Use of hormones to suppress ovulation and prevent conception hormonal contraception
Beginning of menstrual function menarche
Scanty or infrequent menstrual flow oligomenorrhea
Region between the vulva and anus that constitutes the pelvic floor perineum
Period during which secondary sex characteristics begin to develop and the capability of sexual reproduction is attained puberty
Pus in the fallopian tube pyosalpinx
Turning or state of being turned back, especially an entire organ, such as the uterus, being tipped from its normal position retroversion
Inability of the female to become pregnant or the male to impregnate the female sterility
Painful spasm of the vagina from contraction of the muscles surrounding the vagina vaginismus
Premature separation of a normally situated placenta abruptio placentae
Termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus abortion
Membrane, continuous with and covering the fetal side of the placenta that forms the outer surface of the umbilical cord amnion
Common abnormality of delivery in which the fetal buttocks or feet present rather than the head breech presentation
Congenital condition characterized by physical malformations and some degree of mental retardation Down syndrome, trisomy 21
Difficult labor, which may be produced by the large size of the fetus or a small pelvic outlet dystocia
Most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy eclampsia
Pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine cavity but becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of the uterine cavity ectopic pregnancy
Pregnant woman gravida
Woman who has been pregnant more than once multigravida
Woman who has delivered more than one viable infant multipara
Woman who has given birth to one or more viable infants para
Process of giving birth parturition
Measurement of the pelvic dimensions or proportions, determining whether its possible to deliver a fetus through the normal route pelvimetry
Condition in which the placenta is attached near the cervix and ruptures prematurely, with spotting as the early symptom placenta previa
Woman pregnant for the first time primigravida
Woman who has given birth to one viable infant, her first child primipara
Period of 42 days after childbirth and expulsion of the placenta and membranes, during which the reproductive organs usually return to normal puerperium
Transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under untrasound guidance using a needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid amniocentesis
Delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity to allow visual examination, remove an obstruction, or apply medication insufflation
Test for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflation with carbon dioxide tubal insufflation
Visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument colposcopy
Visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a laproscope laparoscopy
Sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects chorionic villus sampling
Removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study endometrial biopsy
Cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughted from the cervix and vagina Papanicolaou test (Pap)
Radiographic examination of the soft tissues of the breast mammography
Radiography of the uterus and uterine tubes following injection of a contrast medium hysterosalpingography
Process by which high-frequency sound waves produce and display an image from reflected "echoes" on a monitor ultrasonography
Ultrasound of the pelvic region used to evaluate abnormalities in the female reproductive system as well as the fetus pelvic ultrasonography
ultrasound of the pelvic area performed with a probe inserted into the vagina transvaginal ultrasonography
Procedure in which a nonabsorbable ligature is applied around the cervix uteri to treat incompetent uterus, thus decreasing the chance for spontaneous abortion cerclage
Incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove the fetus cesarean birth
Surgical closure of the vaginal canal colpocleisis
Excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue, such as the cervix, for histological examination conization
Sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed with ultrasound cordocentesis
Process of freezing tissue to destroy cells cryosurgery, cryocautery
Widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette dilatation and curettage (D&C)
Repair of a lacerated vulva or an episiotomy episiorrahaphy
Incision of the perineum from the vaginal orifice; usually done to prevent tearing of tissue and to facilitate childbirth episiotomy
Excision of the uterus hysterectomy
Hysterectomy where the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes remain subtotal hysterectomy
Hysterectomy where the cervix is removed but the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain Total (complete) hysterectomy
Total hysterectomy, including uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries total (complete) plus bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
Plastic or metal object placed inside the uterus to prevent implantation of a fertilized egg in the uterine lining intrauterine device (IUD)
Excision of a small primary breast tumor that leaves the remainder of the breast intact lumpectomy
Surgical reconstruction of the breast(s) sometimes augmented by substances such as fat tissue or silicone to alter size and shape mammoplasty, mastoplasty
Excision of the breast mastectomy
Removal of the breast and any involved skin, pectoral muscles, asillary lymph nodes and subcutaneous fat radical mastectomy
Excision of a myomatous tumor, generally uterine myomectomy
Excision of an ovary and fallopian tube salpingo-oophorectomy
Procedure that ties the uterine tubes to prevent pregnancy tubal ligation
Treat vaginal yeast infection antifungals
Treat adverse symptoms of menopause estrogens
Prevents pregnancy oral contraceptives
Induce labor at term by increasing the strength and frequency of uterine contractions oxytocics
Terminate pregnancy prostaglandins
Created by: tconger