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Asepsis Ch. 8

Stack #2305588

Epidemiology Study of infectious diseases
Normal Flora Microorganisms normally present in different parts of the body that are nonpathogenic and may provide protection to host under normal circumstances and in normal location in body.
Resident Flora Normal flora. Harmless Microorganisms normally found on skin.
Transient Flora Bacteria on hands that is picked up throughout the day through direct contact with contaminated items
Nosocomial Originating in hospital
Iatrogenic Infection Infection due to treatment (ex. Antibiotics > yeast infection)
Anti-body Locks into invader or antigen, neutralizes it, flags it for destruction.
Inflammatory Response The body's attempt to heal and replace injured tissue
Systemic Signs Reaction involves entire body (ex. Fever, high WBC count)
Local Signs Reaction that involves local or limited area of body. (Ex. Bruise, hives, swelling)
Medical Asepsis Cleansing methods used to destroy Microorganisms AFTER they leave the body. (Ex. Taking off gloves, washing hands)
Surgical Asepsis Elimination of ALL Microorangisms BEFORE they have the opportunity to ENTER the body. (ex. Autoclaving, sterile field)
Sanitization Cleansing process to remove tissue, blood, or body fluids from instruments or fomites(tables etc.), usually by scrubbing with special soap
Disinfection Process of using special liquid or technique on inanimate objects to destroy or inhibit the growth of Microorganisms.
Sterilization Complete destruction of all Microorganisms
Sodium Hypochlorite Bleach. Use 10% bleach to clean blood or OPIM.
OPIM Other Potential Infectious Material
Vector Living Carriers that serve as reservoirs
Fomite Inanimate object that is reservoir
Created by: c.ramratan
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