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TDommel

YTI- Med Term-Nervous System

QuestionAnswer
cerebr/o cerebrum
gangli/o ganglion
lex/o word, phrase
dendr/o tree
kinesi/o movement
crani/o cranium
gli/o glue; neurogial tissue
encephal/o brain
sthen/o strength
lept/o thin, slender
radicul/o nerve root
ton/o tension
neur/o nerve
thec/o sheath
mening/o meninges
narc/o stupor; numbness; sleep
thalam/o thalamus
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
meningi/o meninges
ventricul/o ventricle
-taxia order, coordination
-algesia pain
-kinesia movement
-plegia paralysis
-esthesia feeling
-algia pain
-asthenia weakness, debility
-lepsy seizure
-plexy stroke
-phasia speech
-trophy development, nourishment
-paresis partial paralysis
syn- union, together, joined
contra- against
pachy- thick
uni- one
para- near, beside; beyond
A brain disorder where there are lesions in the brain called _____ that causes Alzheimers plaques
Psyshological disorder in which the major characteristic is an abnormal mood, usually mania or depression affective disorder
Sudden, profound, overshelming feeling of fear that comes without warning and is not attributable to any immediate danger panic attack
Eating disorder where you binge and purge bulimia nervosa
Feelings of worry, dread, lack of energy, and a loss of interest in life are common signs anxiety
Mental disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, emotion and ability to function; also called manic-depression bipolar disorder
Mood disorder associated with sadness, despair, discouragement, and commonly, feelings of low self-esteem, guilt, and withdrawal depression
Eating disorder where you do not eat to maintain adequate weight for age and height and an all consuming desire to remain thin anorexia nervosa
Disorder affecting children and adults characterized by impulsiveness, overactivity, and the inability to remain focused on a task attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Mood disorder characterized by mental and physical hyperactivity, disorganized behavior, and hyper-elevated mood mania
Weakness, debility or loss of strength asthenia
Inability to learn and process written language despite adequate intelligence, sensory ability, and exposure dyslexia
Lack of muscle coordination in the execution of voluntary movement ataxia
Broad term that refers to cognitive deficit, including memory impairment dementia
Self limiting paralysis due to developmental defects in the brain or trauma during the birth process cerebral palsy
Paralysis of the lower portion of the trunk and both legs usually as a result of injury or disease of the spine paraplegia
Accumulation of fluid in the ventricles of the brain, causing thinning of brain tissue and separation of cranial bones hydrocephalus
Paralysis of all four extremities and usually the trunk quadriplegia
Syncope due to a drop in blood pressure brought on by the response of the nervous system to abrupt emotional stress, pain, or trauma vasovagal
Severe pain in the leg along the course of the sciatic nerve felt at the bace of the spine, down the thigh and radiating down the leg due to a compressed nerve sciatica
Temporary loss of consciousness die to the sudden decline of blood flow to the brain; also called fainting syncope
Partial destruction of the thalamus to treat intractable pain, involuntary movements or emotional disturbances thalamotomy
Series of chemical, microscopic, and microbial tests used to diagnose disorders of the central nervous system, including viral and bacterial infections, tumors and hemorrhage cerebrospinal fluid analysis (CSF)
Recording of electrical activity in the brain, whose cells emit distinct patterns of rhythmic electrical impulses electroencephalography
Drugs to treat multiple symptoms of depression antidepressants
TIA transient ischemic attack
AD alzheimer disease
LP lumbar puncture
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; also called "Lou Gehrig disease"
LOC loss of consciousness
CNS central nervous system
EEG electroencephalogram; electroencephalography
CP cerebral palsy
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
Created by: TDommel