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HX of Medicine

history of medicine

Andres Vesalius dissected bodies secretly; published De Humani Corporis Fabrica in 1538
William Harvey discovered blood circulation
Karl Landsteiner came up with the 4 blood types
Horace Wells, William Morton, Crawford Long found an effective anesthetic; first public use of anesthesia was on October 16, 1846
Wilhelm Roentgen discovered x-rays
Ignaz Semmelweis pioneer of antiseptic procedures; helped drop the rates of child birth fever
Louis Pasteur discovered germs; came up with germ theory; began pasteurizing milk to kill bacteria
Edward Jenner came up with the small pox vaccine
Jonas Salk vaccine against polio
James Lind discovered that citrus fruits protected sailors from scurvy
Frederick Gowland Hopkins discovered that our bodies need specific nutrients/vitamins to survive
Alexander Flemming discovered penicillin
Howard Florey, Erns Chain picked up Flemming's work and successfully extracted penicillin and created the world's first antibiotic
Bernard Domagk chemo-therapeutic drugs; sulfa drug
Sir Frederick Grant Banting, Charles Best, John James, Rickard Macleod discovered insulin as a treatment for diabetes
Michael Bishop, Harold Varmus discovered tumor/cancer causing genes; tested it on chickens
Luk Montagnier, Robert Galio discovered/identified HIV/AIDS (retro virus); DNA of the virus becomes part of us
Joseph Murray performed the first successful kidney transplant in 1954
Marie Curie isolated radium in 1910
Gregory Mendel established the patterns of heredity
Romans began public health and sanitation systems
Hippocrates father of medicine
Leonardo DaVinci, Michaelangelo used dissection to draw the human body
Dark Ages period of time in which emphasis was placed on saving the soul and the study of medicine was prohibited
Clara Barton founded the American Red Cross in 1881
Egyptians earliest people known to maintain health records
Chinese used acupuncture to relieve pain and congestion
Robert Koch developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens
Florence Nightingale founder of modern nursing
Joseph Lister began using disinfectants and antiseptics during surgery
Gabriel Fahrenheit created the first mercury thermometer
Rhazes an Arab physician who began the use of animal gut for suture material
what ancient people thought was the cause of disease punishment from the gods; demons and evil spirits
Hippocrates stressed these 4 things to help the body heal itself good dieting, fresh air, exercise, and cleanliness
Rod of Asclepius Greek symbol associated with medicine and healing, founded in ancient Greece; staff entwined by a snake
main method to treat disease in the Dark Ages prayer; divine intervention
Shortened the lifespan of people in the Middle Ages smallpox, dysentery, typhus, bubonic plague
Used as medications in the 17th century plants and herbs
Elizabeth Blackwell first female physician/doctor in the U.S.
Gabriel Fallopius described the tympanic membrane in the ear and the fallopian tubes in females
Bartolomeo Eustachio described the tube that connects the ears and the throat
Anton van Leeuwenhoek invented the microscope in 1666
Rene Laenec invented the stethoscope in 1819; father of pulmonary diseases
Francis Crick and James Watson discovered the structure of DNA
Elizabeth Garret Anderson first female physician in Britain
First open heart surgery 1950s
Created by: natch0s