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Integumentary System

Medical Terminology for the Integumentary System

adip/o fat
lip/o fat
steat/o fat
cuteane/o skin
dermat/o skin
derm/o skin
hidr/o sweat
sudor/o sweat
ichty/o dry/scaly
kerat/o horny tissue; hard, cornea
melan/o black
myc/o fungus
onych/o nail
ungu/o nail
pil/o hair
trich/o hair
scler/o hardening; sclera (white of eye)
seb/o sebum, sebaceous
squam/o scale
xen/o foreign, strange
xer/o dry
-cyte cell
-derma skin
-logist specialist in study of
-logy study of
-therapy treatment
an- without, not
dia- through, across
epi- above, upon
homo- same
hyper- excessive, above normal
sub- under, below
localized affecting an area of definite size
systemic widely spread throughout the body
lesion tissue that has been pathologically altered by injury, wound, or infection
Primary skin lesion Initial reaction to pathologically altered tissue
Secondary skin lesions changes that take place in primary lesion due to infection, scratching,trauma, or various stages of disease
First-degree burn burns that injure only the epidermis
Second-degree burn burns that injure the epidermis and part of the dermis (similar symptoms of first degree, but fluid filled blisters form)
Vesicles/ bullae Blisters that form as a result of second-degree burns
Third-degree burn Epidermis and dermis are destroyed and some underlying tissue is damaged. Results in waxy skin, charred, and insensitivity to touch.
Neoplasms Any abnormal growth of new tissue
Malignant neoplasms a.k.a. Cancer. When cells become invasive and metastasize.
acne inflammatory condition of sebaceous glands
alopecia partial or complete loss of hair
Bowen disease Form of intraepidermal carcinoma (squamous cell) characterized by red-brown scaly or crusted lesions that resemble psoriasis.
cellulitis Diffuse, acute infection of skin and subcutaneous tissue.
chloasma pigmentary skin discoloration usually occurring in yellowish brown patches or spots
comedo (whitehead) accumulation of keratin, bacteria, and dried sebum plugging an excretory duct of the skin.
dermatomycosis infection of the skin caused by fungi
ecchymosis Bruise. Ranges from blue-black to greenish brown or yellow
eczema Chronic inflammatory skin condition characterized by erythema, papules, vesicles, pustules, scales, crusts, and scabs, and accompanied by intense itching.
Pruritis itching
erythema redness of the skin caused by swelling of the capillaries
eschar Dead matter that is sloughed off from the surface of the skin, esp. after a burn.
impetigo bacterial infection characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture.
keratosis Thickened area of the epidermis or any horny growth on the skin (e.g. callus, wart).
lentigo small brown macules brought on by sun exposure. Common in older persons.
pallor unusual paleness or absence of color in skin
pediculosis Infestation with lice
petechia Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under skin. (small bruise)
Pressure ulcer inflammation, sore, or skin deterioration caused by prolonged pressure from lying in one position that prevents blood flow to the tissues.
psoriasis chronic skin disease characterized by circumscribed red patched covered by thick, dry, silvery, adherent scales, and caused by excessive development of the basal layer
Purpura any of several bleeding disorders characterized by hemorrhage into the tissues
scabies contagious skin disease transmitted by the itch mite, often through sexual contact
tinea Fungal skin infection. a.k.a ringworm. usually accompanied by body part affected (e.g. tinea pedis "athlete's foot)
urticaria allergic reaction characterized by eruption of pale, red, elevated patches (a.k.a hives/ wheals)
verruca Epidermal growth caused by a virus (a.k.a. warts)
Vitiligo localized loss of skin pigmentation characterized by milk-white patches
chemical peel chemical removal of outer layers of skin to treat acne scarring and general keratoses (a.k.a chemabrasion)
cryosurgery use of subfreezing (usu. liquid nitrogen) to destroy or eliminated abnormal tissue.
debridement Removal of necrotized tissue from a wound by surgical excision, enzymes, or chemical agents.
dermabrasion Rubbing using wire brushes or sandpaper to mechanically scrape away the epidermis
fulguration tissue destruction by means of high-frequency electric current (a.k.a. electrodesiccation)
photodynamic therapy procedure where cells are selectively treated with a "photo-sensitizer" to produce a reaction that destroys the cell
biopsy (Bx) Representative tissue sample removed for microscopic examination
frozen section (FS) Ultrathin slice of tissue from a frozen specimen for immediate pathological examination
needle removal of tissue for examination using a hollow needle
punch removal of tissue for examination using a hollow punch
shave removal of elevated lesions using a surgical blade
Mohs layers of cancer-containing skin are progressively removed and examined until only cancer-free tissue remains
skin graft transplantation of healthy tissue to an injured site
allograft transplantation of healthy tissue from one person to another (a.k.a. homograft)
autograft transplantation of healthy tissue from one site to another in the same individual
synthetic transplantation of artificial skin produced from collagen fibers in a lattice pattern
xenograft transplantation from a a foreign donor (usu.pig) and transferred to a human (a.k.a. heterograft)
allergy skin test intradermal- subcutaneous injection of suspected allergen patch- allergen on patch is taped to skin scratch- allergen is applied to lightly scratched area of skin
culture & sensitivity (C&S) Lab grows culture from an infected site to identify bacterium and test sensitivity to antibiotics
Bx biopsy
BCC Basal cell carcinoma
C&S Culture and sensitivity
CA Cancer, chronological age, cardiac arrest
FS Frozen section
ID intradermal
I&D incision and drainage
IMP impression (syn w/ diagnosis)
IV intravenous
TNM tumor-node-metastasis
ung ointment
XP, XDP xerodema pigmentosum
Nystatin, itraconazole antifungals
diphenhydramine, loratadine, antihistamines
lindane, permathrin antiparasitics
ethyl/ isopropol alcohol, hydrogen peroxide antiseptics
hyrdocortisone, triamcinolone corticosteroids
tretinoin keratolytics
lotions, ointments protectives
lidocaine, procaine topical anesthetics
Created by: randall011235