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EZ-Anat Ch. 23

Barron's E-Z Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 23 review

The organs where oocytes are produced in the female reproductive tract are the: ovaries
Hormones produced by cells of the female reproductive tract are progesterone and: estrogen
The expanded funnel of the uterine tube is the: infundibulum
The projections that extend from the uterine tube into the pelvic cavity are: fimbriae
Fertilization of the oocyte by the sperm usually takes place in the: uterine tube
Transport of the oocyte through the uterine tube is encouraged by the movement of hairlike cell appendages of epithelial cells called: cilia
The hollow organ where the embryo develops in the female is the: uterus
The uterine tubes enter the uterus at the bulging upper surface of the body of the uterus called the: fundus
The neck of the uterus that projects into the vagina is called the: cervix
The inner tissue layer of the uterine wall partially sloughed off during menstruation is the: endometrium
The middle layer of the uterine wall composed of thick muscle layers is the: myometrium
The muscular tube extending between the uterus and the external genitalia is the: vagina
The fold of epithelium partially blocking the entrance to the vagina prior to sexual activity is the: hymen
The muscular tube where sperm cells are deposited during sexual intercourse is the: vagina
The vulva is an alternate term for the: external genitalia
The small mass of erectile tissue that enlarges during female sexual arousal is the: clitoris
During sexual intercourse, lubricants are produced by the glands known as the greater vestibular gland and the: paraurethral gland
Two elongated folds of skin that encircle and partially conceal the labia minora and structures of the vestibule are the: labia majora
After birth, the newborn gains nourishment from milk secreted from the: mammary glands
The production of milk is called: lactation
The pattern of physiological and structural changes in the female reproductive tract occurring in response to changes of ovarian hormones is known as the: menstrual cycle
The length of time for a complete menstrual cycle to occur is about: 28 days
A surge of estrogen and progesterone accompany the release of the oocyte from the follicle, a process known as: ovulation
The number of chromosomes present in the mature oocyte is: 23
When an oocyte unites with a sperm, the resulting fertilized oocyte is called the: zygote
Within the uterus, the organ producing hormones and providing a medium for the transfer of nutrients, gases, and waste products between embryonic and maternal bloodstreams is the: placenta
During the first two months after implantation, the developing individual is referred to as an: embryo
The germ layer that develops into the skeletal muscles, cardiac muscles, blood, bone, and other organs is the: mesoderm
The heartbeat begins, ossification takes place in bones, and the body systems are developing during pregnancy in month number: three
Created by: alhobonoah