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kinn's Chapter 43

arthritis Inflammation of a joint.
articular Pertaining to a joint.
bursae Fluid-filled, saclike membranes that provide cushioning and allow frictionless motion between two tissues.
cartilage A rubbery, smooth, somewhat elastic connective tissue that covers the ends of bones.
cervical Pertaining to the neck region containing seven cervical vertebrae.
corticosteroids Antiinflammatory hormones, natural or synthetic.
crepitation A dry, crackling sound or sensation.
diaphysis The midportion of a long bone; it contains the medullary cavity.
epiphysis The end of a long bone; it contains the growth (epiphyseal) plates.
goniometer An instrument for measuring the degrees of motion in a joint.
inflammation A tissue reaction to trauma or disease that includes redness, heat, swelling, and pain.
kyphotic Relating to the normal convex curvature of the thoracic spine.
ligaments Tough connective tissue bands that hold joints together by attaching to the bones on either side of the joint.
lordotic Relating to the normal concave curvature of the cervical and lumbar spines.
lumbar The lower back region that contains the five lumbar vertebrae.
luxation Dislocation of a bone from its normal anatomic location.
malaise An indefinite feeling of debility or lack of health, often indicative of or accompanying the onset of an illness.
medullary cavity The inner portion of the diaphysis; it contains the bone marrow.
periosteum The thin, highly innervated, membranous covering of a bone.
prosthesis An artificial replacement for a body part.
range of motion (ROM) The extent of movement possible in a joint; the degree of motion depends on the type of joint and whether a disease process is present; ROM exercises are applied actively (independently) or passively (with assistance) to prevent or treat joint problems.
reduction The return to correct anatomic position, as in reduction of a fracture.
scoliosis An abnormal lateral curvature of the spine.
synovial fluid A clear fluid found in joint cavities that facilitates smooth movements and nourishes joint structures.
tendons Tough bands of connective tissue that connect muscle to bone.
Created by: mrsdancona