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kinn's Chapter 39

TermDefinition
adhesions Bands of scar tissue that bind together two anatomic surfaces that normally are separate.
anastomosis The surgical joining of two normally distinct organs.
anorexia A lack or loss of appetite for food.
ascites An abnormal collection of fluid containing high levels of protein and electrolytes in the peritoneal cavity.
carcinogens Substances or agents that cause the development of or increase the incidence of cancer.
diaphoresis The profuse excretion of sweat.
endemic A term describing a disease or microorganism that is specific to a particular geographic area.
esophageal varices Varicose veins of the esophagus, which occur as a result of portal hypertension; these vessels can easily hemorrhage.
fecalith A hard, impacted mass of feces in the colon.
fissures Narrow slits or clefts in the abdominal wall.
fistula An abnormal, tubelike passage between internal organs or from an internal organ to the body's surface.
flatus Gas expelled through the anus.
gangrene The death of body tissue as a result of loss of nutritive supply, followed by bacteria invasion and putrefaction.
hematemesis Vomiting of bright red blood, indicating rapid upper GI bleeding; associated with esophageal varices or peptic ulcer.
hematocrit The percentage by volume of packed red blood cells in a given sample of blood after centrifugation.
hemoglobin A protein found in erythrocytes that transports molecular oxygen in the blood.
hepatomegaly Abnormal enlargement of the liver.
ileostomy The surgical formation of an opening of the ileum onto the surface of the abdomen through which fecal material is emptied.
jaundice Yellowing of the skin and mucous membranes caused by the deposition of bile pigment; it is not a disease, but rather a sign of a number of diseases, especially liver disorders.
lithotripsy A procedure for eliminating a kidney stone or gallstone by crushing or dissolving it in situ through the use of high-intensity sound waves.
lymphadenopathy Any disorder of the lymph nodes or lymph vessels.
polyps Tumors or outgrowths found in the mucosal lining of the colon; they are considered precancerous.
portal circulation The pathway of blood flow through the portal vein from the GI system to the liver.
portal hypertension Increased venous pressure in the portal circulation caused by cirrhosis or compression of the hepatic vascular system.
sclerotherapy The treatment of hemorrhoids, varicose veins, or esophageal varices by means of injection of special solutions.
Valsalva's maneuver Occurs when a person strains; causes blood to become trapped in the great veins, and may lead to heart attack.
Created by: mrsdancona
 

 



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