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Kinn's Chapter 27

Anaphylaxis An exaggerated hypersensitivity reaction that in severe cases leads to vascular collapse, bronchospasm, and shock.
antibodies Immunoglobulins produced by the immune system in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigenic substances.
antigen A foreign substance that causes the production of a specific antibody.
antiseptics Substances that inhibit the growth of microorganisms on living tissue (e.g., alcohol and povidone-iodine solution [Betadine]).
autoimmune Pertaining to a disturbance in the immune system in which the body reacts against its own tissue.
candidiasis An infection caused by a yeast that typically affects the vaginal mucosa and skin.
coagulate To form into clots.
contaminated Soiled with pathogens or infectious material; nonsterile.
disinfectant A liquid chemical that is capable of eliminating many or all pathogens but is not effective against bacterial spores.
fomites Contaminated, nonliving objects (e.g., examination room equipment) that can transmit infectious organisms.
germicides Agents that destroy pathogenic organisms.
hereditary Pertaining to a characteristic, condition, or disease transmitted from parent to offspring on the DNA chain.
interferon A protein formed when a cell is exposed to a virus; the protein blocks viral action on the cell and protects against viral invasion.
opportunistic infections Infections caused by a normally nonpathogenic organism in a host whose resistance has been decreased.
palliative A substance that relieves or alleviates the symptoms of a disease without curing the disease.
parenteral The injection or introduction of substances into the body by any route other than the digestive tract.
pathogenic Pertaining to a disease-causing microorganism.
permeable Allowing a substance to pass or soak through.
pyemia The presence of pus-forming organisms in the blood.
relapse The recurrence of the symptoms of a disease after apparent recovery.
remission The partial or complete disappearance of the clinical and subjective characteristics of a chronic or malignant disease.
resident bacteria Bacteria that live in or on a certain part of the body, such as the skin or mucosa.
rhinitis Inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nose.
spores A thick-walled, dormant form of bacteria that is very resistant to disinfection measures.
sterile Free of all microorganisms, pathogenic and nonpathogenic.
tinea Any fungal skin disease that results in scaling, itching, and inflammation.
transient bacteria Bacteria temporarily living in or on a certain body part, such as the hands.
urticaria A skin eruption that creates inflamed wheals; hives.
vectors Animals or insects (e.g., ticks) that transmit the causative organisms of disease.
Created by: mrsdancona