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Kinns Chapter 2

TermDefinition
accreditation the process through which an organization is recognized for adherence to a group of standards that meet or exceed the expectations of the accrediting agency
advent coming into being or use
allopathic a term used to contract homeopathic medicine with mainstream medicine
alternative medicine a variety of therapeutic or preventative healthcare practices that are alternatives to mainstream medicine such as chiropractic, homeopathy, naturopathy, and herbal medicine
ambulatory able to walk about and nor be bedridden
amenities things that contribute to comfort, enjoyment, or convience
cardiac arrhythmias irregular hearbeats cause by malfunction of the electrical system of the heart
case management the process of assessing and planning patient care, including referral and follow-up, to ensure continuity of care and quality management
chiropractic a medical discipline that focuses on the nervous system and involves manual adjustment of the vertebral column ; treat various disorders, as well as to promote patient wellness
cited quoted by way of example, or proof or mentioned formally in commendation or praise
contamination the process by which something is made impure, unclean, or unfit for use
credentialing the act of extending professional or medical privileges to an individual; process of verifying and evaluating that person's credentials
dissection the separation into pieces and exposure of parts for scientific examination
encounter any contact between a healthcare provider and a patient that results in treatment or evaluation of the patient's condition; it is not limited to in-person contact
fermentation an enzymatically controlled transformation of an organic compound
hollistic related to or concerned with all of the system of the body rather than breaking it down into parts
homeopathy a type of alternative medicine that attempts to stimulate the body to recover itself
hospice a concept of care that involves health professionals and volunteers who provide medical, psychological, and spiritual support to terminally ill patients and their loved ones
indicators an important point or group of statistics values that when evaluated, indicate the quality of care provided in a healthcare facility
indicted charge with a crime by the findings or presentment of a jury according to due process by law
indigent totally lacking in something of need
innate existing in, belonging to, or determined by factors present in an individual since birth
innocuous having no effect, adverse or otherwise; harmless
naturopathy an alternative to conventional medicine in which holistic methods are used, as well as herbs and natural supplements, with the belief that the body will heal itself. currently can be licensed in 15 states, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands
osteopathic Type of medicine that is based on the theory that disturbances in the m/s system affect other bodily parts, causing many disorders that can corrected by manipulative techniques and convention therapeutic procedures
pandemic a condition in which most people in a country; a number of countries, or a geographic area are affected
peer review organizations PROs- groups of medical reviewers contracted by the Centers of Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to ensure quality control and the medical necessity of services provided by a facility
philanthropist an individual who makes an active effort to promote human welfare
robotics technology dealing with the design, construction and operations of robots in automation
staff privileges allowing a healthcare professional to practice within a specific facility
standards items or indicators used as a measure of quality or compliance with a statutory or accrediting body's policies and regulations
subluxations slight misalignments of the vertebrae or a partial dislocation
telemedicine the use of telecommunications in the practice of medicine in which great distances can exist between healthcare professionals, colleagues, patients and students
teleradiology the use of telecommunications devices to enhance and improve the results of radiologic procedures
treatises systematic expositions or arguments in writing including a methodic discussion of the facts and principles involved and the conclusions reached
triage identification a the severity of patient's condition; treatment according to a system of priorities to maximize the number of survivors and provide treatment for the sickest patients first
Center for Disease CDC; the principal US federal agency concerned with the health and safety of people throughout the world
sole proprietorship an individual who holds exclusive right and title to all aspects of the medical practice
partnership when two or more physicians elect to associate in the practice of medicine
corporation an artificial entity having a legal and business status that is independent of its shareholders or employess
doctors of medicine MDs; considered allopathic physician and are the most widely recognized type of physician. they diagnose illness and disease and prescribe treatment for their patients
doctors of osteopathy DOs; similar to MDs; use medicine and surgery and OMT in treating patients
doctors of chiropractic DCs; typically thought as "bone doctors" , but they focus on the nervous system to help patients live healthier lives
hospitalists physician whose primary professional focus is the general medical care of hospitalized patients
doctors of dental surgery DMDs; treat and prevent problems of the teeth and gums and the tissues surrounding them
optometrist OD; trained and licensed to examine the eyes
doctors of podiatric medicine DPMs; are educated in the care of feet including surgical treatment
physician assistants PAs; provide direct patient care services under the supervision of licensed physicians
nurse practioners NPs; provide basic patient care services including diagnosing and prescribing medications for common issues; usually focus on preventive care and disease prevention
nurse anesthetists RNs; registered nurse who administer anesthetics to patients during care by surgeons, physician, dentists
registered nurse RN; nurse who provide direct patient care and providing a care plan
licensed practical and vocational nurse LPNs; offers bedside care, assisting with the day-to-day personal care required by inpatients
medical technologists MTs; perform diagnostic testing on blood, body fluids, and other specimens to assist the physician in arriving at a diagnosis
medical laboratory technician MLT; performs most of the same test procedures that the MT, but cannot work independently; usually are supervised by an MT
physical therapist PTs; assist patients in regaining their mobility and improving their strength and range of motion (usually impaired by an accident or injury or result of a disease)
respiratory therapists RTs; work in the hospital enviroment; use oxygen therapy to assist the breathing; also perform diagnostic test that measure lung capacity
occupational therapists OTs; work with patients who have developed conditions that disable them developmentally, emotionally, mentally or physically
diagnostic cardiac sonographers DCSs or VTs; assist in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac and vascular diseases and disorders; performed echocardiographs and electrocardiograhs or use ultrasonography to assist the physician identifying malfunctions of the heart and its structures
diagnostic medical sonographers DMSs; assist physicians in the diagnosis of various disorders by means of ultrasound
radiology technicians RTs; use various machines to help the physician diagnose and treat certain disease; x-rays, ultrasonographic, MRI scanners
paramedics specially trained to provide emregency care to patients in life-threatening situations
emergency medical technicians EMTs; progress through several levels of training, each providing more advanced skills; managing respiratory, cardiac, and trauma cases and often emergency childbirth
registered dietitians RDs; have thorough training in nutrition and the different types of diets that patients require to improve or maintain their condition
Created by: mrsdancona
 

 



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