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EZ-Anat Ch. 14

Barron's E-Z Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 14 review

QuestionAnswer
The red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are blood components known as: formed elements
The pH of the blood is usually about: 7.35 to 7.45
The blood albumins are made by the: liver
The fluid portion of circulating blood is the: plasma
When the blood-clotting proteins are removed from the plasma, the plasma is then known as: serum
Among the major ions transported by the blood are calcium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, and: sodium
The plasma proteins encourage the movement of water from the tissue fluids into the bloodstream; this process is known as: osmosis
The major pigment that transports oxygen within red blood cells is: hemoglobin
Red blood cells are also known as: erythrocytes
Red blood cells are formed in the bone marrow through a process known as: erythropoiesis
Red blood cells circulate in the human bloodstream for approximately: 120 days
After breakdown, the hemoglobin pigment of red blood cells is first converted to a bile pigment known as: biliverdin
A lack of vitamin B12 may result in a condition known as: pernicious anemia
Such things as X-rays and drugs may prevent the production of red blood cells, a condition called: aplastic anemia
A genetic defect encoding genes for hemoglobin may lead to crystallization of the hemoglobin and a deformity of the red blood cells to a C-shape. This is the disease known as: sickle cell anemia
An alternative name for white blood cells is: leukocytes
The white blood cells develop within the: red bone marrow
The accumulation of cholesterol substances within the inner wall of a blood vessel encourages a condition called: atherosclerosis
A condition in which a blood clot moves from one part of the body to another is known as a(n): embolism
Created by: alhobonoah