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EZ-Anat Ch. 12

Barron's E-Z Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 12 review

QuestionAnswer
The purpose of the eye is to gather light from the environment and form an image on cells of the: retina
The nerve that carries impulses from the eye to the brain is the: optic nerve
The inner coat of the posterior wall of the eye is composed of the: retina
The outer wall of the eye consists of the cornea and the: sclera
The thin, watery fluid in the anterior chamber of the eye is: aqueous humor
The jellylike substance that fills the posterior cavity of the eye is called: vitreous humor
The posterior chamber of the eye lies between the iris and the: lens
The pupil of the eye is an opening in the portion of the eye known as the: iris
The eyelids are covered on their surfaces by the mucous membrane called the: conjunctiva
Tears bathe the eyeball and keep it moist; they are produced by the: lacrimal apparatus
Twilight vision is concerned with retinal cells known as: rods
Daylight vision and close, detailed vision are permitted by retinal cells known as: cones
The optic disc contains no visual receptors and is therefore called the: blind spot
The lobe of the brain where visual patterns are interpreted is the: occipital lobe
The process of light focusing due to the elasticity of the lens is called the: accomodation
Aging can cause reduced accommodation, a condition known as: presbyopia
Nearsightedness can be corrected by utilizing glasses having lenses that are: biconcave
The condition of farsightedness is correctly known as: hyperopia
Irregular curvature of the lens or cornea results in a disorder known as: astigmatism
The sex-linked genetic trait in which a person cannot detect certain colors is called: colorblindness
The major lobe of the brain in which hearing perception occurs is the: temporal lobe
The technical name for the eardrum is the: tympanic membrane
The middle ear bones, which transmit sound to the inner ear, are known as the malleus, incus, and: stapes
The long, slender tube leading from the pharynx to the middle ear is the: auditory tube
The snail-like structure of the internal ear is called the: cochlea
The sense of taste is technically known as the: gustatory sense
Taste buds are located on the upper surface of the tongue within tiny elevations called: papillae
The five primary tastes are sweet, sour, salty, umami, and: bitter
Impulses of taste are transmitted to the brain over the facial nerve or the: glossopharyngeal nerve
The sense of smell is called the: olfactory sense
The interpretations of smell are made in the temporal lobe of the cerebrum and in the: frontal lobe
The sense of equilibrium is associated with the canals and passageways found in the: inner ear
Created by: alhobonoah