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EZ-Anat Ch. 11

Barron's E-Z Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 11 review

QuestionAnswer
The brain and spinal cord are components of the: central nervous system
The axons and dendrites extend from the spinal cord to the muscles and glands and form: nerves
The spinal cord passes downward from the brain and extends through a bony tunnel found in: vertebrae
The spinal cord is continuous with the: brain (medulla oblongata)
The three membranes surrounding and protecting the spinal cord are called: meninges
The outermost membrane surrounding the spinal cord is the: dura mater
The inner membrane surrounding the spinal cord and having many blood vessels is the: pia mater
Clear, watery fluid is found in the central canal of the spinal cord and is called: cerebrospinal fluid
Injury to the ventral root of the spinal cord results in a condition called: paralysis
The spinal cord serves as a coordinating center for the: reflex arc
The brain receives impulses from the spinal cord as well as from 12 pairs of: cranial nerves
The brain is composed of two major: hemispheres
The brain consumes about one quarter of the body's: oxygen
The outer portion of the brain is mainly composed of: gray matter
The numerous convolutions of the brain are called: gyri
The anterior portion of each cerebral hemisphere is occupied by a lobe called the: frontal lobe
At the posterior portion of the cerebral hemispheres is a lobe called the: occipital lobe
The region of the frontal lobe concerned with motor function for speech is: Broca's area
The sense of smell is located deep within a portion of the brain known as the: cerebrum
The interpretation of visual patterns occurs in the lobe of the brain known as the: occipital lobe
The cavities of the brain are called the: ventricles
The brain region lying posterior to the medulla and serving as a coordinating center for motor activity is the: cerebellum
The cerebellum is composed of two lateral: hemispheres
Because it is a reflex center for coordinating muscle activity, the cerebellum helps smooth gait and maintain: posture
The nucleus of the diencephalon relaying sensory impules into the cerebral cortex is the: thalamus
The nucleus of the diencephalon producing some hormones stored to be released by the pituitary gland is the: hypothalamus
Emotional experiences such as fear, anger, pleasure, and sorrow are regulated in a ring of tissue at the edge of the brain stem called the: limbic system
The rounded bulge in the brain stem separating the midbrain from the medulla is the: pons
The swollen stem of the brain connecting the spinal cord to the remainder of the brain is the: medulla oblongata
In the cerebrum of the brain, impulses cross over to opposite sides of the brain via the: decussation of pyramids
The network of nerve fibers in the medulla responsible for activating the cerebral cortex is the: reticular formation
The sensory somatic system is composed of spinal nerves and: cranial nerves
The human body has spinal nerves numbering: 31 pairs
The cranial nerve associated with smell is the: olfactory nerve
The cranial nerve with sensory and motor functions controlling the heart, blood vessels, and organs of the viscera is the: vagus nerve
The spinal nerves communicate impulses between various parts of the body and the: spinal cord
Bodies where spinal nerves combine temporarily before passing to the destination points are known as: plexuses
The autonomic nervous system operates in a manner that is: involuntary
Created by: alhobonoah