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Unit One

Foundation of American Government Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Direct Democracy a system of government where all individuals are allowed to vote on issues
Monarchy a system of government led by King or Queen
Representative Democracy a system of government where individuals choose a delegate to represent their region by voting on all issues on their behalf
Natural Rights individual human rights that should be guaranteed to all people
Social Contract Theory an idea that the government and people have a mutual agreement
Mercantilism a theory that a country should export more goods than they import to increase national wealth
Salutary Neglect a time period in colonial when the English government allowed the colonies to operate mostly free from governmental rule/interference
Amend to add or change
Ratify to approve
Inalienable Rights the rights of people that cannot be taken away by the government
Consent of the Governed the government has the power only because the citizens give it to them
Popular Sovereignty a Constitutional principle that means that the people ultimately hold all power to rule
Separation of Powers division of governmental duties among the three branches of government
Rule of Law every person has to follow the laws regardless of their position in society
Limited Government the Constitution clearly states the powers of the government and does not allow them to exceed those powers
Federalism division of governmental power among national , state, and local governments
Checks and Balances each branch of government has powers that offset the powers of the other two branches to ensure that no branch becomes too powerful
Strict Interpetation the idea that the Constitution is meant to be read literally
Loose Interpetation the idea that the Constitution is meant to be interpreted differently over time
Bill of Rights the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution
Created by: jasonbrewster1