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Nutrition Review

TermDefinition
Cardiac Diet admitted with or have re-exisiting heart disease, low fat/cholesterol diet
Diabetic Diet metabolic disorder prescribed # of calories, fats, carbs and proteins
Gluten Free Diet - for celiac disease, atrophy of the mucosa - complete elimination of gluten
High-calorie Diet - excessive weigth loss, cannot reach or maintain healthy weight
High-Protein Diet need to gain weight or for tissue repair
No added salt/ Na restricted problems w/ fluid retention or congestive heart failure
Progressive Diet introduce food in stages, major surgery or gastrointestinal illness
Pureed Diet Cannot chew or who have dysphagia
When would a TPN feed be ordered? - severely malnourished - receiving radiation/chemo and malnourished - major surgery, severe burns - prolonged coma
metabolic disorder condition characterized by the body's inability to synthesize or process food into forms the body can use for engery
hiatus hernia condition which the upper part of the stomach moves up into the chest through a hole in the diaphram
bard button feeding device placed permanently in the stomach
G-tube feeding tube inserted though an incision in the abdomen
Peg Tube feeding tube inserted via endoscopy into the stomach or jejunum
J-Tube feeding tube plaed through the abdomen wall into the small bowel
NG-tube feeding tube put through the nose into the stomach
Fluid retention accumulation of fluid in body tissue or body cavities
Dysphagia difficulty swallowing
Enteral Feed feeding y tube directly into the gastrointestinal system
gastric suction gentle suction applied to a tube placed in the stomach to remove excessive secretion that tend to accumulate in the stomach
metabolic rate amount of engery expended in a given period or the physical changes that occur in the body that result in heat production
bowel sounds present audible return of gastrointestinal movement or function
metabolism the physiological and biochemical process that promote growth and sustain life
What does NPO mean? nothing by mouth for 8-12 hours
Activity individual in hospital are typically inactive
Age older people need less calories, children need more
Gender men need more, hormones play role in metabloic rate
Genetics body structure
Illness fever, trauma and surgery raise a persons metabloic rate
Pregnancy metabolism increase to meet engery demands
How many grain products should an adult eat in a day 6-8
How many food groups are there? 4
What is the "other" food group oils/fats
Created by: amcarron13
 

 



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