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LOM Chapter 3

Language of Medicine 7th edition

arthralgia Pain in a joint.
otalgia Pain in the ear.
neuralgia Pain in the nerves.
myalgia Pain in the muscles.
rectocele Hernia of the rectum.
cystocele Hernia of the urinary bladder.
thoracocentesis Surgical puncture to remove fluid from the chest (thoracentesis).
amniocentesis Surgical puncture of the amnion.
streptococcus Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacterium found in twisted chains.
staphylococci Berry-shaped (spheroidal) bacteria in clusters.
erythrocyte Red blood cell.
leukocyte White blood cell.
thrombocyte Clotting cell.
pleurodynia Pain in the chest wall muscles that is aggravated by breathing (literally; pain of the pleura).
laryngectomy Removal of the larynx.
mastectomy Removal of the breast.
anemia Decrease in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.
ischemia To hold back blood from an area of the body.
carcinogenesis Condition of producing cancer.
pathogenesis Condition of producing disease.
angiogenesis Formation of blood vessels.
carcinogenic Pertaining to producing cancer.
osteogenic Pertaining to produced within bone.
electroencephalogram Record of the electricity in the brain.
myelogram Record (x-ray) of the spinal cord.
mammogram Record (x-ray) of the breast.
electroencephalograph Instrument for recording the electricity in the brain.
electroencephalography Process of recording the electricity in the brain.
angiography Process of recording (x-ray) blood vessels.
bronchitis Inflammation of the bronchi.
tonsillitis Inflammation of the tonsils.
thrombophlebitis Inflammation of a vein with clot formation.
opthalmology Study of the eye.
morphology Study of shape or form
hemolysis Destruction of blood (breakdown of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin).
ostemalacia Softening of bone
chondromalacia Softening of cartilage.
acromegaly Enlargement of the spleen.
splenomegaly Enlargement of the spleen.
myoma Tumor (benign) of muscle.
myosarcoma Tumor (malignant) of a muscle (a type of flesh tissue).
multiple myeloma Tumor of bone marrow.
hematoma Collection of blood (bruise).
biopsy To view life; microscopic examination of living tissue.
necropsy Visual examination of dead bodies; autopsy (most often used for animals).
necrosis Condition of death (of cells).
hydronephrosis Abnormal condition of water (found) in the kidney.
leukocytosis Abnormal condition (slight increase in numbers) of normal white blood cells.
cardiomyopathy Disease of heart muscle.
erythropenia Deficiency of red blood cells.
neutropenia Deficiency in neutrophils.
thrombocytopenia Deficiency of clotting cells.
acrophobia Fear of heights.
agoraphobia Fear of being in open, crowded spaces (marketplace).
achondroplasia No (improper) development of cartilage.
angioplasty Surgical repair of blood vessels.
blepharoptosis Prolapse, sagging of an eyelid.
nephroptosis Prolapse of a kidney.
arteriosclerosis Hardening of the arteries.
laparoscope Instrument to visually examine the abdomen
laparoscopy process of visual examination of the abdomen.
metastasis Beyond control; spreading of a cancerous tumor.
hemostasis Stopping the flow of blood (naturally by clotting of artificially by compression).
colostomy New opening of the colon (to the outside of the body).
tracheostomy New opening of the windpipe ( to the outside of the body).
hydrotherapy Treatment with water.
chemotherapy Treatment with drugs.
radiotherapy Treatment with x-rays.
iaparotomy Incision into the abdomen.
phlebotomy Incision of a vein.
hypertrophy Excessive development.
atrophy No development; wasting away of tissue.
radiographer One who records x-rays, radiologic technologist. A person who, under the supervision of a physician, operates radiologic equipment and assist radiologists.
leukemia Condition of increase in white cells (malignancy)
pneumonia Condition (abnormal) of the lungs.
neuphrologist Specialist in the study of the kidney.
arteriole Small artery.
venule Small vein.
pericardium Structure surrounding the heart.
nephropathy Disease of the kidney.
cardiac Pertaining to the heart.
peritoneal Pertaining to the peritoneum.
inguinal Pertaining to the groin.
pleural Pertaining to the pleura.
tonsillar Pertaining to tonsils.
pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs.
axillary Pertaining to the armpit.
laryngeal Pertaining to the voice box.
chronic Long-term; over a period of time.
pathological Pertaining to the study of disease.
adenoids Resembling glands(lymphatic tissue in the throat, near the throat.
adipose Pertaining to fat.
mucous Pertaining to mucus.
necrotic Pertaining to death (of cells).
abdominocentesis Surgical puncture of the abdomen.
Created by: gosomonoro