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History Ch1&2

Finding out about the Past

artefact a man made object
carbon dating a method used by archaeologists to date objects
primary source a source made or written at the time the event took place
secondary source a second hand source, written or made by someone who was not a witness to the event
pre-history this is the period of history before written records were kept
rescue/salvage archaeology when archaeologists carry out an emergency dig on a site that is in danger of being destroyed
census a survey of population numbers in a country at a particular time
museum a place where artefacts from the past are kept
archive a place where documents from the past are stored
bias a one-sided account of an event or person
propaganda information or rumours created and spread to influence people’s views
prejudice judge something before we have all of the information
archaeology the study of things people have left behind them
stratigraphy the study of layers of soil
dendrochronology studying tree rings to learn about a particular period
crop marks grass or crops will grow differently if there is an ancient building, ditch or wall buried beneath the ground
trowel main tool used for excavation
conservation when historic objects are protected and preserved so that they do not decay
pollen analysis the studying of pollen remains to tell archaeologists what was growing during the time period.
geophysical survey a survey of what's underneath the ground, like an x-ray of the ground
test trench a sample hole dug to judge whether it is worth excavating the whole site
Created by: cbstullamore



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