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IPHY 3415- exam 1

medial toward midline on longitudinal axis
lateral away from midline
proximal toward attached base
distal away from attached base
cranial towards head
caudal towards tail
frontal plane (coronal) separates anterior and posterior
midsagittal plane passes through midline (separates right and left)
parasagittal plane parallel to midsagittal, light and left unequal
transverse plane separates superior and inferior
axial head, neck, trunk
appendicular limbs
orbital eye
buccal cheek
cervical neck
acromial shoulder
thoracic chest
axillary armpit
brachial arm
antecubital forearm
sternal sternum
pollex thumb/digit 1
umbilical navel
inguinal junction on trunk and thighs
pubic genital region
femoral thigh
popliteal posterior side of knee
patellar anterior knee
peroneal (fibular) lateral side of leg
calcaneal heel of foot
plantar sole of foot
hallux big toe
mammary breast/pectoral muscles
dorsal body cavity cranial cavity and spinal cavity
ventral body cavity thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity
thoracic cavity pleural cavities and mediastinum
mediastinum pericardial cavity and thymus, trachea, esophagus, aorta
abdominopelvic cavity abdominal organs and reproductive organs
serosae associated with the lungs pleura
serosae associated with the heart pericardium
serosae associated with abdominal viscera peritoneum
epidermis type of epithelium sratified squamous epithelium
three types of cells in sratum basale melanocytes, merkel cells, stem cells
germinativum aka stratum basale
two types of cells in stratum spinosum keratinocytes and Langerhans cells (macrophages)
type of cells found in stratum granulosum keratinocytes (granular appearance)
stratum lucidum only in thick skin, transparent under microscope (dead)
stratum corneum outermost layer of cells
5 layers in epidermis stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, stratum corneum
2 layers of dermis papillary layer, reticular layer
papillary layer (dermis) Meissner's corpuscles and dermal papillae
reticular layer (dermis) sebaceous glands and sudoriferous glands
sebaceous glands oil
sudoriferous glands sweat
hypodermis components aerolar tissue, adipose tissue, blood vessels, sensory receptors, pacinian corpuscles
pacinian corpuscle pressure receptor
long bones have epiphysis, diaphysis, marrow cavity (femur)
short bones boxlike, outer compact bone w/ spongy inside (wrist bones)
flat bones thin, parallel layers of compact bone with spongy bone between (skull)
irregular bones complex shapes (vertebrae)
sesamoid bones small, round, flat; free-floating (patella)
sutural bones small, flat, oddly shaped (sutures of skull)
epiphyseal line where growth plate was (epiphyseal cartilage in children)
articular cartilage where bones connect to one another
periosteum outside of diaphysis
medullary cavity marrow cavity
red marrow is found where pelvis, epiphyses
where is yellow marrow diaphyses
tuberosity raised rough projection
crest prominent ridge
trochanter large, blunt, rough projection
tubercle small and rounded projection
epicondyle raised area on or above a condyle
line low ridge
process any bony prominence
spine sharp, slender, or pointed process
head expanded articular end of an epiphysis
facet small, flat articular surface
condyle rounded projection at the end of a bone
ramus extension of bone making an angle to the rest of the structure
fossa shallow depression
foramen rounded passageway for blood vessels and/or nerves
meatus canal leading through the bone
fissure elongated cleft
groove a furrow in the bone
sinus air-filled cavity
osteon basic structural and functional unit of bone
lamella concentric rings in osteon
lacuna where osteocytes lay in osteon
canaliculus connect lacunae to one another
perforating canal run perpendicular to osteons
anterior fossa of the head formed by/contains frontal bone/sphenoid; prefrontal cortex
middle fossa of skull formed by/contains temporal bone; temporal lobe
posterior fossa of skull formed by/contains occipital bone; cerebellum
acetabulum is __ on females smaller
pelvic angle females /males obtuse/acute
pelvic inlet female/male (distance between ischial spines) larger in females
Created by: melaniebeale