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indigo module

integumentary exam review

Define skin and name its important functions prevents dehydration, protects against the sun, regulates body temperature, largest organ in the body, synthesizes vitamin D
Describe first-degree burns are the least serious type of burns, injure only the top layer of the epidermis
Describe immunotherapy biotherapy, newer treatment that stimulates the body's own immune defenses to fight tumour cells
Describe in situ confined to the original site
Describe invasive penetrates the surrounding tissue
Describe sebaceous glands secrete sebum, produce oil, causes acne, present over the entire body except the palms and soles of the feet
Describe second-degree burns deep burns that damage the epidermis and part of the dermis, partial thickness burns
Describe the subcutaneous layer stores fat, insulates and cusions the body, regulates body temperature, binds the dermis to underlying structures composed primarily of loose connective tissue and adipose tissue
Describe third-degree burns full thickness burns, the epidermis and dermis are destroyed, some of the underlying connective tissue is damaged
How is hair colour determined related to the amount of pigment produced by melanocytes
What are the two most important sublayers of the epidermis and where are they located stratum corneum- outermost layer basal layer- innermost layer
What do malanocytes produce and what is their function melanin--protects skin from ultraviolet radiation from the sun
What happens to new skin cell as they move towards the stratum corneum they die
What is a dermatologist specialist in the study of skin and treatment of diseases
What is a pathologist specialist in the study of disease grade and stage of tumours
What is the most common type of skin cancer basal cell carcinoma
Abnormal condition of hair fungus trichomycosis
Absence of colour in the skin pallor
Allergic reaction of the skin characterized by eruption of pale, red, elevated patches urticaria
Any new or abnormal growth neoplasm
Bacterial skin infection impetigo
Baldness alopecia
Benign tumour of dilated blood vessels hemangioma
Cancerous malignant
Chronic inflammation skin condition eczema
Covering integument
Fungal skin infection, also called ringworm tinea
Infestation with lice pediculosis
Inflammation of the nail bed onychia
Inflammation of the nipple thelitis
Inflammation of the skin dermatitis
Inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands acne
Intense itching pruritus
Loss of skin pigmentaion vitiligo
Minute, pinpoint hemorrhage under the skin petechia
Necrosis or death of tissue gangrene
Non-cancerous benign
Normal scarring cicatrix
Noted at birth congenital
Pertaining to under the skin subcutaneous
Pus at the site of an infection abscess
Raised firm, thickened scar keloid
Redness of the skin erythema
Scab crustation
Scrape abrasion
Skin grafting dermatoplasty
Small brown macules lentigo
Small skin lesions of acne comedo
Sore that prevents blood flow to tissue pressure ulcer
Study of fungus mycology
Thick skin pachyderma
Thick dry, silvery scales cause by excessive development of the basal layer psoriasis
Tissue destruction by electric current; also called electrodesiccation fulguration
Total absence of pigment in skin, hair, and eyes albinism
Transplantation from a foreign donor xenograft
Warts verruca
BCC basal cell carcinoma
Bx,bx biopsy
C&S culture and sensitivity
CA cancer
chemo chemotherapy
CIS carcinoma in situ
cm centimeter
decub. decubitus
Derm. dermatology
FS frozen section
I&D incision and drainage
ID intradermal
IMP impression (synonomous with diagnoses)
TNM tumour-node metastasis
IV intravenous
ung ointment
EXP,XPD xeroderma pigmentosum
Created by: briunicorns