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Urinary system

Urinary system and abbreviations

Kidneys Two bean shaped located on each side of the hip
Nephron Urine producing microscopic structure
Glomerulus Cluster of caterpillars at the entrance of the nephron
Renal pelvis Funnel shaped reservoir that collects the urine and passes to the ureter
Hilum Indentation on the medial side of the kidney
Ureters Two slender tubes about 10 to 13 inches long that receive the urine from kidneys
Urinary bladder Muscular hollow organ that temporlary holds the urine as it fills
Urethra Lowest part of the urine tract through which the urine passes from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
Urinary meatus Opening through which the urine passes to the outside
peritoneal dialysis procedure for removing toxic wastes when the kidneys are unable to do so
stricture abnormal narrowing such as a urethral stricture
urinal receptacle for urine
urinary catheterization passage of a catheter into the urinary bladder to withdraw urine
urodynamics pertaining to the force and flow of urine within the urinary tract
ARF Acute Renal Failure
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen
Cath Catherterization, Catheter
CKD Chronic Kidney Disease
ESRD End Stage Renal Disease
ESWL Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithortripsy
HD Hemodialysis
IVP Intravenous Pyelogram
IVU Intravenous Urogram
OAB Overractive Bladder
SG Specific Gravity
UA Urinalysis
UTI Urinary Tract Infection
VCUG Voiding Cystourethrethrogram
-trophy Nourishment; development
Urin/o ur/o Urine urinary tract
Lith/o Stones calculus
-iasis. -esis Condition
Meat/o Meatus (opening)
Albumin/o Albumin
-ptosis Drooping; sagging; prolapse
Noct/i Night
Blast/o Developing cell; germ cell
-uria Urine; urination
Urethr/o Urethra
Hydr/o Water
-tripsy Surgical crushing
Pyle/o Renal pelvis
Glomerul/o Glomerulus
-lysis Loosening; dissolution; separating
Nephr/o ren/o Kidney
Azot/o Urea; nitrogen
-rrhaphy Suturing; repairing
Olig/o Scanty; few
Cyst/o vesic/o Bladder; sac
Ureter/o Ureter
Glyc/o glycos/o sugar
Created by: Jenfaith



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