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EZ-Anat Ch. 6

Barron's E-Z Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 6 review

QuestionAnswer
The skull bones and ribs and bones of the pelvis are types of bones classified by shape as: flat bones
Epiphyses at the ends and a diaphysis in the middle decribes: long bones
All the bones of the head, vertebral column, and the ribcage are considered together as the: axial skeleton
Two examples of short bones in the body are the blocklike bones of the wrists called carpals, and the bones of the ankles known as: tarsals
The two ends of a long bone are known as: epiphyses
Wherever it lacks a cartilage cover, the long bone is covered with a connective tissue membrane known as the: periosteum
The marrow cavity in long bones is filled with: yellow bone marrow
Bone formation takes place by a process called: ossification
Before puberty, the long bone lengthens at a zone of cartilage beyond the ossification center called the: epiphyseal plate
Bone is remodeled and dissolved by substances secreted by bone-resorbing cells referred to as: osteoclasts
An example of a synarthrosis occurring in the skull is a: suture
Movement at a joint in which the angle between two bones is reduced is known as flexion
When a body part is moved away from the midline of the body, the movement is referred to as: abduction
When a body part moves toward the midline, the movement is: adduction
Twisting the head from side to side, such as when gesturing "no," is the joint movement: rotation
Turning the hand so that the palm is forward demonstrates the movement: supination
While flexion refers to the bending of a joint, the stretching out a joint is: extension
Moving a body part backward, such as pulling the chin, is a movement called: retraction
Moving a body part forward, such as thrusting the chin outward, is: protraction
Created by: alhobonoah