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digestive system

review

QuestionAnswer
What are rugae folds in the stomach
what are rugae secrete hydrochloric acid and enzymes
what are the accessory organs of the GI system liver pancreas gallbladder
what are the four divisions of the colon ascending colon descending colon transverse colon sigmoind colon
what are the functions of the liver produce bile remove glucose from the blood store vitamins B12,A,D,E,K
what are the functions of the liver maintain glucose levels destroy old RBC's synthesize proteins that circulate the blood
what are the three main components of the large intestine colon cecum rectum
what are the three main parts of the stomach body function pylorus
what are the two structures that form the roof of the mouth hard palate soft palate
what is the medical term for the mouth oral cavity
what is another name for the GI tract alimentary canal
what are villi microscopic finger-like projections
where does peristalsis occur from the pharynx to the colon
where is digestion completed small intestines
what is a volvulus a life threatening obstruction in which the bowels twist on itself
what are hemorrhoids enlarged veins in the mucous membrane of the anal canal
what caused hepatitis A ingestion of contaminated food, water or milk
what is diverticulosis small blister like pockets develop in the inner lining of the large intestine
what is ulcerative colitis chronic inflammatory disease of the large intestine and rectum
where are ulcers commonly found stomach duodenum
where do inguinal hernias develop in the groin where the abdominal folds of flesh meet the thigh
which large intestine disorder is associated with a higher risk of colon cancer ulcerative colitis
a lesion of the skin or mucous membrane which frequently develops in the duodenum or stomach ulcer
a test in which stool samples are collected to determine gastrointestinal bleeding occult blood
abmormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen ascites
abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through the structures that normally contain it hernia
act of swallowing deglutition
an organ below the liver which stores and empties bile through its ducts into the small intestines gallbladder
an organ which used ducts to provide exocrine secretions to the duodenum to aid in degestion pancreas
backward flowing, as in the return of solids or fluids to the mouth from the stomach regurgitation
chewing mastication
fecal concretion fecalith
first 2-3" of the large intestine cecum
first portion of the colon, extending from the lower border of the liver ascending colon
formation of gallstones cholelithiasis
gas in the GI tract flatus
inflammation and ulceration of the innermost lining of the colon uncerative colitis
imflammation of a sac-like bulge that may develop in the wall of the large intestine diverticulitis
inflammation of the mouth of the stomach stomatitis
lack or loss of appetite, resulting in the inability to eat anorexia
last portion of the GI tract rectum
lower division of the small intestine ileum
measurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood serum bilirubin
offensive, or ''bad' breath halitosis
one who speacializes in deseases of the colon, rectum, and anus proctologist
passage of dark-coloured, tarry stools, due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices melena
passage of fat in large amounts in the feces steatorrhea
pertaining to the abdomen celiac
pertaining to the cheek bucca
procedue for crushing a stone lithotripsy
producing gas from the stomach eructation
progressive, wavelike movement peristalsis
radiographic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines upper GI series
radiographic examination of the rctum and colon lower GI series
radiographic record of the gallbladder cholecystogram(graphy)
rumbling or gurgling noises that are audible at a distance borborygmus
scarring and dysfucntion of the liver cirrosis
second division of the small intestine jejunum
secord portion of the colon that passes horizontally across the abdomen toward the spleen transvers colon
severe constipation obstipation
sturcture or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter pyloric stenosis
surgical formation of an opening from the ileum through the abdonminal wall enterostomy
surgical formation of an opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall ileostomy
surgical joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another anastomosis
surgical repair of the lip cheiloplasty
swallowing air aerophagia
the largest glandular organ liver
the passage of unformed watery bowel movements diarrhea
to eat ingest
vomiting of blood hematemisis
when nutients are digested but are not taken in by the intestinal tissues malabsorption
white patches that form on the tongue, lips or cheek leukoplakia
Ba barium
BaE, BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BMI body mass index
CF cystic fibrosis
CT computed tomography
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HBV hepatitis B virus
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
LFT liver function test
PE physical examination
PMH past menstrual history
PPUD peptic ulcer disease
R/O rule out
RGB Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
STAT immediatley
ERCP endoscopic retrograde choluniopancreatography
Created by: briunicorns
 

 



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