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EZ-Anat Ch. 1

Barron's E-Z Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 review

QuestionAnswer
The study of the body structures without the use of a microscope is known as: gross anatomy
For histologic anatomy, it is essential to use a: microscope
One of the branches of physiology is cytology, the study of: cells
The function of the excretory system is a major topic of a branch of physiology known as: renal physiology
At its most simple level of structure, the body is composed of: atoms
Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and water typify the level of structure of the body in which the main components are: molecules
The fundamental unit of all living things, including the human body is the: cell
A group of cells working together to perform the same function is a: tissue
A type of tissue represented by the blood and bone tissue is: connective tissue
The organs of the body are lined with a type of tissue known as: epithelial tissue
Various types of tissue work together in the human body to compose an: organ
The sum total of all chemical processes occurring in the body is: metabolism
Two general types of movement in the body are voluntary and: involuntary
To assist the process of movement of the body, the skeletal muscles are usually attached to: bones
The characteristics of conductivity is associated with muscle cells and: nerve cells
In addition to producing an entirely new individual, new cells are formed in the body for the three purposes of replacement, growth, and: repair
The processes working to maintain the body's internal environment within normal limits is called: homeostasis
Major chemical requirements of the human body for maintaining homeostasis include water, nutrients and: oxygen
The body is erect with eyes forward, feet together, arms at the side, and palms forward in the: Anatomical Position
The directional term used to describe the front of the body on the belly side is: anterior/ventral
Although the term dorsal is sometimes used, the preferred term when referring to the back side of a human is: posterior
In anatomical nomenclature, the term superior refers to an aspect of the body toward the: head
The anatomical term referring to a side away from the midline is: lateral
The term proximal refers to a point close to where an extremity attaches to the body: trunk
Two structures on the same side of the body such as the left arm and left leg are said to be: ipsilateral
A vertical plane dividing the body into right and left sides represents a: sagittal plane
A longitudinal plane dividing the body into anterior and posterior portions is a frontal plane, also known as a: coronal plane
A horizontal plane divides the body into superior and inferior parts and is also known as a: transverse plane
A midsagittal plane divides the body into equal right and left halves, but if the halves are unequal the plane is said to be: parasagittal
The dorsal body cavity is subdivided into the spinal cavity and the: cranial cavity
The large dome-shaped muscle separating the abdominopelvic cavity from the thoracic cavity is the: diaphragm
Among the three major serous membranes of the body are the peritoneum, the pleura, and the: pericardium
Created by: alhobonoah