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Gastrointestinal

Review

QuestionAnswer
What are rugae? folds in the stomach
What are the accessory organs of the GI system? live, gallbladder ad pancreas
What are the four divisions of the colon ascending, transverse, descending and signmoid
What are the functions of the liver? - producing bile - removing glucose, maintaining glucose levels -storing vitamins - destroying/transforming toxins
What are the three main components of the large intestine? cecum, colon, rectum
What are the three main parts of the stomach? body, fundus and pylorus
What are the twp structures that form the roof of the mouth? Hard and soft palates
What is the medical term for the mouth? oral cavity
What is another name for the GI tract? alimentary canal
What are villi? microscopic, fingerlike projections
Where does peristalsis occur? from the pharynxc to the anus
Where is digestion completed? small intestine
What is a volvolus intestinal twisting
What are hemorrhoids? enlarged veins in the mucous membrane of the anal canal
What causes hepatitis A? contaminated food, water or milk
What is diverticulosis? condition in which small, blister like pockets develop in the inner lining of the large intestine
What is ulcerative colitis? chronic inflammatory disease of the colon
Where are ulcers commonly found? stomach and duodenum
Where do inguinal hernias develop? groin where abdominal folds of flash meet thighs
Which large intestine disorder is associated with a higher risk of colon cancer? ulcerative colitis
Ulcers lesion of the skin which frequently develop in the duodenum or stomach
Occult Blood test which stool samples are collected to determine gastrointestinal bleeding
Ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
Hernia abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue
Deglutition Act of swallowing
Gallbladder an organ below the liver which stores and empties bile
Pancreas an organ which uses ducts to provide exocrine secretions to the duodenum to aid digestion
Regurgitation backward flowing - return of solids or fluids to the mouth
mastication chewing
fecalith fecal concretion
Cecum First 2-3' of the large intestine
Ascending Colon 1st portion of colon, extending from the lower border of the liver
cholelithiasis formation of gallstones
Flatus Gas in the GI tract
Ulcerative Colitis inflammation and ulceration of the innermost lining of the colon
Diverticulitis inflammation of a sac-like bulge that may develop in the wall of the large intestine
Stomatitis inflammation of the mouth of the stomach
anorexia lack or loss of appetite, inability to eat
Rectum last portion of the GI tract
Ileum lower division of the small intestine
Sercum Bilirubin measurement of the level of bilirubin in the blood
Halitosis offensive, or "bad" breathe
Proctologist specialists in disease of the colon, rectum and anus
Melena passage of dark-coloured, tarry stools due to the presence of blood altered by intestinal juices
steatorrhea passage of fat in large amounts in the feces
CELIAC Pertaining to the abdomen
Buccal pertaining to the cheek
Lithotripsy procedure for crushing a stone
Eructation producing gas from the stomach
Peristalisis progressive, wavelike movement
Barium swallow radiographic exam of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine
Barium Enema radiographic exam of the rectum and colon
Cholecystogram radiographic record of the gallbladder
Borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noises
Cirrhosis scarring and dysfunction of the liver
Jejunum second division of the small intestine
Transverse Colon Second portion of the colon that passes horizontally towards spleen
Obstipation severe constipation
Pyloric Stenosis structure or narrowing of the pyloric sphincter
Enterostomy surgical formation of an opening from small intestine through abdominal wall
ileostomy surgical formation of an opening from the ileum to abdominal wall
Anastomosis surgical joining of two ducts, vessels or bowel segments
Cheiloplasty surgical repair of the lip
Aeorphagia swallowing air
Liver largest glandular organ
Diarrhea passage of unformed watery bowel movements
Ingest to eat
Hematemsis vomiting blood
Malabsorption nutrients digested but not taken in
Leukopla white patches that form on the tongue, lips or cheek
Ba barium
BaE, BE barium enema
BM bowel movement
BMI body mass index
CF cystic fibrosis
CT computed tomography
EGD esophagogastroduodenscopy
MRCP magnetic resonance cholongiopancreatography
GB gallbladder
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
GI gastrointestinal
HBV hepatitis B virus
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
LFT liver function test
PE physical exam
PMH past medical history
PUD pepticulcer diease
R/O rule out
RGB roux-en-Y gastric bypass
STAT immediately
Created by: amcarron13