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Medical Terminology

Ch 9 The Endocrine System

TermDefinition
acidosis abnormal accumulation of waste materials that are acidic
exophthalmos abnormal protrusion of the eyes
goiter abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland caused by a tumor
hypersecretion abnormal increase in hormone production
hyposecretion abnormal decrease in hormone production
ketosis excessive amount of ketone bodies in the blood and urine (Ketoacidosis)
polydipsia excessive thirst
polyuria excretion of abnormally large volumes of urine
acromegaly enlargement of bone structure most prominent in the face and hands; due to hypersecretion of growth hormone from pituitary gland
Addison's disease chronic syndrome caused by hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex
adenitis inflammation of a gland
adenosis abnormal condition of a gland
adrenal virilism excessive production of androgen by the adrenal corex
adrenalitis inflammation of the adrenal gland
adrenocorticohyperplasia abnormal development of the adrenal cortex
adrenomegaly abnormal enlargement of the adrenal glands
adrenopathy general disease of the adrenal gland
calcipenia deficiency of calcium (hypocalcemia)
cretinism congenital hypothyroidism in childern
cushing's syndrome syndrome that results from hypersecretion of the adrenal cortex; characterized by obesity, moonface, hyperclycemia, and muscle weakness
diabetes insipidus caused by hyosecretion of ADH by the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland with symptoms that include polydipsia and polyuria; abbreviated DI
diabetes mellitus Chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism; abbreviated DM
endocrinopathy general disease of the endocrine system
hirsutism the presence of excessive body hair
hypercalcemia abnomally high calcium levels in the blood
hyperinsulinism excessive amounts of insulin in the blood
hyperkalemia abnormally high potassium levels in the blood
hyperparathyroidism hypersecretion of the parathyroid glands
hyperthyroidism hypersecretion of the thyroid gland
hypocalcemia abnormally low calcium levels in the blood
hypoglycemia abnormally low blood sugar levels
hypokalemia abnormally low potassium levels in the blood
hyponatremia abnormally low sodium levels in the blood
hypoparathyroidism hyposecretion of the parathyroid gland
hypothyroidism hyposecretion of the thyroid gland
myxedema advanced hypothyroidism in adults with the characteristics of low energy, swollen hands, and face and dry skin
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
parathyroidoma tumor of the parathyroid gland
pituitary dwarfism caused by hyposecretion of growth hormone by the pituitary gland at an early age. Slows growth and caues a short but proportional stature
pituitary gigantism caused by hypersecretion of the growth hormone that begins before puberty
syndrome disorder with an arrayof symptoms and involves multipule organs
tetany caused by deficiency of parathyroid hormone
thyrotoxicosis condition that results from excessive thyroid hormone levels
adrenalectomy surgical excision of the adrenal gland
endocrinologist physician who specializes in the treatment of endocrine disorders
endocrinology field of medicine that focuses on the study and treatment of endocrine disorders
fasting blood sugar diagnostic test to determine blood sugar levels following a 12 hour fast; abbreviated FBS
glucose tolerance test diagnostic test to confirm a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and to determine other abnormalities in glucose metabolism; abbreviated GTT
hormone replacement therapy the use of a drug that replaces a hormone to correct a hormone deficiency; abbreviated HRT
parathyroidectomy surgical excision of one or more parathyroid glands
postprandial blood sugar a measurement of blood sugar levels over two hours after a meal; abbreviated PPBS
radioactive iodine uptake diagnostic procedure that measures thyroid function in which radioactive iodine uptake into the thyroid gland is measured; abbreviated RAIU
radioiodine thereapy the use of radioactive iodine to treat a disease of the thyroid gland, suh as a thyroid tumor
thyroid scan diagnostic procedure that records an image of the thyroid gland following the oral administration of a labeled substance, usually iodine
thyroidectomy surgical excesion of the thyroid gland
thyroidotomy incision into the thyroid gland
thyroparathyroidectomy surgical excision of the thyroid and parathyroid glands
thyroxine test a direct measurement of the amount of thyroxine in the blood to determine hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism
Created by: CelenaCamp